Kashmiri nationalism: Kashmiri nationalism concept in early 20th century which is named as “Kashmiriayat”. Sheikh Abdullah with other nationalist conceptualized the idea of Kashmiriayat. As a response to excessive abuse from the Dogri rulers a Muslim political movement designed to correct perceived inequities against the Muslim. Kashmiri nationalism was not originally a nationalist movement initially formulated along religious lines, this political movement expanded to include all religions, resulting in the conceptualization of a unique Kashmiri nationalist identity. The Kashmiriayat nationalism beliefs the all the people in Kashmir Hindus, Musliকককms, Buddhists how sere common culture and values are Kashmiri. In order to expand the membership of the Muslim Conference and turn it into a secular, nationalist ideology, Abdullah and other Kashmiri nationalist leaders had to redefine the basis of political loyalty. Instead of focusing on religious unity, Abdullah pushed forward the idea of Kashmiriayat which emphasized the unique history of the Kashmiri people, the syncretism of various religious beliefs in the Vale, and the historical peace between different religions and ethnicities in the Vale. This represented a marked change from prior conceptualizations of identity which focused primarily on differences of religion and ethnicity between the different groups in Kashmir. In early 1930 a Muslim movement began in Kashmir to jet proper right of the Muslim. Under Dogra rule they were subjected to abuse and suffer discrimination in getting jobs, excessive taxation and religious freedom. They view the Dogra ruler as foreigner and illegitimate ruler. The Dogri rulers were descendents of Hindu Rajputs and spoke a separate language known as Dogri. Though it is began as Muslim movement later it turns in to Kashmiri nationalist movement. More than 100000 thousand Muslim participated in conference in later years 1939 they gave them the shape of Kashmiriayat ideology. The transformation of the Muslim Conference into the All-Jammu and Kashmir National Conference is significant event in the year 1939.Kashmiri nationalists emphasized both the validity of Kashmiriyat as a political identity legitimacy of the National Conference as a representative of Kashmiriayat. But after the partition of Indian in 1947 the Kashmiriayat concept somehow loses its momentum and side line by both India and Pakistan. There are two main group how are opposed to the vision of kashmiriyat ideology. First the leadership of Muslim conference views the secular ideology of Kashmiriyat aligns with the Indian national congress. Secondly the Kashmiri Pandit how want to join with the Indian in order to maintain the privileges they enjoy under Dogri rule. Beside that Sheikh’s were also against the creation of
the separate country for Muslim. Though the number of these groups is in minorities but they have quite immense political power. The aspiration of Kashmiri people lost in the mist of Indian and Pakistan politics. They both use the aspiration of the people to get their hidden agenda. Indian prospective: Indian is the world largest democracy in the world. Indian constitution gives equal right and religious freedom to all the people. India tries to prostrate itself as secularist country and the valley of Jammu and Kashmir present a unique case, which represent the integrity of Indian constitution. The majority of the people in Kashmir valley are Muslim and the state of Jammu and Kashmir is the only Muslim majority sate. An Indian nationalist views Kashmir not as the jewels Indian democracy and secularism rather an integral part of the great mother India which cannot be separated. India tries to hide itself under the musk of secularism but time and time aging expose the Hindu nationalism. The Hindu nationalist never has accepted the partition of the India. India nationalist does not recognize Kashmiriayat and their thousand year historical back ground. Though...
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