Topic: Kashmir Issue
The Kashmir dispute is there from the independence of India and Pakistan and after various confrontations during wars the problem still persists where the United Nations and other super powers have been unable to resolve. The relations between India and Pakistan are solely dependent on the conflict of Kashmir and for this reason the bilateral relations between the two countries are minimal. The history of Kashmir depicts its majority of Muslims and therefore Pakistan has very strong emotional and religious ties with the people of Kashmir and they cannot agree with the disputed acts of the Indian army in the Kashmir.
The disputed territory of Kashmir is the oldest conflict that has yet to be resolved by United Nations between India and Pakistan. The history of Kashmir goes back to the independence of Indian Subcontinent from the British Empire in 1947. The division of Indian Subcontinent was based on the majority of the religious population so if an area has a majority of the Muslim population that area was supposed to become a part of Pakistan after 14 August 1947. The ruler of Kashmir was Sikh and was against the Muslims of Pakistan and therefore he resisted deciding Kashmir’s succession to either Pakistan or India because if succeeded to India the Muslim majority would not have tolerated. But the situation went wrong when ruler decided to force some taxation laws at the same time and initiated a rebellion from a separatist group in the Western part of Kashmir. The pushtons, residents of the North Western Frontier Province of Pakistan, backed up by the Pakistan army entered the Kashmir and announced independence from the Sikh ruler (Schofield, 2003). The rebellion was spreading to the Eastern part when Sikh ruler signaled Indian army to take control of the remaining area. This ignited a war between the Western Kashmir and the...
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