Karl Marx - Society

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Karl Marx believed society was divided into two main groups: Bourgeois (anyone who doesn’t get their income from labor as much as from the surplus value they appropriate from the workers who create wealth) and Proletarians (anyone who earns their livelihood by selling their labor power and being paid a wage or salary for their labor time). Through many years these social group statuses have changed from freeman and slave to patrician and plebeian and so on. The disagreement between the Bourgeois and Proletarians has existed for a long time uninterrupted yet when a dispute occurs it ends due to some social rebellion of some sort. In early history we find many complex social groupings, for example Ancient Rome. The modern capitalist has found new social classes with new ways to dominate social production. The middleclass (bourgeois) in our era has simplified the opposition. Society is now dividing into the two main groups. The discovery of America gave the bourgeoisie a chance to use their dominance to their full advantage. Many events such as the colonization of America brought trade and gave to commerce which was never known before. This brought rapid development. The out of date system of industry was replaced by the manufacturing system as the wants of the market grew larger. The ‘guild-masters’ were replaced by the manufacturing middleclass. There wasn’t splitting of labor between different organisations anymore. Meanwhile, the market and demand kept increasing. Manufacture was no longer good enough. Steam and machinery transformed industrial production ruled by powerful bodies (industrial millionaires, leaders of the armies etc.) Modern industry has created the world market which has contributed to commerce, navigation etc. This has had a knock on effect on the allowance of industry development and also has developed the bourgeoisie, their wealth and pushed aside the other lower classes.

The bourgeoisie has played a very active role in the past in...
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