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MARX AND EXPLOITATION1
(Received 11 January 1999; accepted 30 April 1999)
The discussion of the adequacy of Karl Marx's definition of exploitation
to a prior question: is a definition? Once we understand what attention has paid insufficient we will realise that it is resistant a "reference-fixing as offering in a model" definition Marx is offered here and it is of exploitation A more to certain general analysis objections. own definition is a particular that Marx's suggested a number moral of controversial makes assumptions. KEY WORDS: instance of the general analysis which
exploitation. type of moral
definition of supposed It has been questioned whether he intended to make out any use of the concept of exploitation; it has been argued that he have commented
on Karl Marx's
did but his definition fails; and, more rarely, some have argued that he does To of exploitation.2 broadly speaking give a correct moral definition there has been very little attention to what may be a prior my knowledge what is a definition? My case here is that when we pay more question: to different possible and when we come to attention types of definition, we will come to understand a fully general understanding of exploitation, that Marx's definition tions, given under conditions money purely its limitations. standard objec of exploitation is resistant to many It is limited to relations of economic exchange where there is no justified right to capital; that is, to earn property holdings.
in virtue of one's
1Much of this paper derives from my
Exploitation. Chris Hull. would Talbot 2 I should An earlier repeat here the thanks version
of London MPhil
like to thank Brewer Some
given at the University of this paper was delivered on that occasion for valuable the participants discussion, and extremely has been helpful collected 1997) written and oral recent work in Kai Nielsen and in Andrew
and I ofVirginia and especially Ware
for his detailed
of the best (New
and Robert Reeve
Exploitation Jersey: to the papers collected in these Theories 1987). In addition (London: Sage, of Exploitation Ethics 91 (1981), pp. 207 with Exploitation?" "What's Wrong Richard Arneson, volumes, Journal Canadian and...