Karl Gauss lived from 1777 to 1855. He was a German mathematician, physician, and astronomer. He was born in Braunschweig, Germany, on April 30th, 1777. His family was poor and uneducated. His father was a gardener and a merchant's assistant.

At a young age, Gauss taught himself how to read and count, and it is said that he spotted a mistake in his father's calculations when he was only three. Throughout the rest of his early schooling, he stood out remarkably from the rest of the students, and his teachers persuaded his father to train him for a profession rather than learn trade.

His skills were noticed while he was in high school, and at age 14 he was sent to the Duke of Brunswick to demonstrate. The Duke was so impressed by this boy, that he offered him a grant that lasted from then until the Duke's death in 1806.

Karl began to study at the Collegium Carolinum in 1792. He went on to the University of Gottingen, and by 1799 was awarded his doctorate from the University. However, by that time most of his significant mathematical discoveries had been made, and he took up his interest in astronomy in 1801.

By about 1807, Gauss began to gain recognition from countries all over the world. He was invited to work in Leningrad, was made a member of the Royal Society in London, and was invited membership to the Russian and French Academies of Sciences. However, he remained in his hometown in Germany until his death in 1855.

Acomplishments

During his Teen years, Karl Gauss developed many mathematical theories and proofs, but these would not be recognized for decades because of his lack of publicity and publication experience. He discovered what we now call Bode's Law, and the principle of squares, which we use to find the best fitting curve to a group of observations.

Having just finished some work in quadratic residues in 1795, Karl Gauss moved to the University to access the works of previous mathematicians. He...

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Carl Friedrich Gauss
(1777 - 1855)
BIOGRAPHYKarl Friedrich Gauss was born in Brunswick, Germany in 1777. Gauss studied mathematics at the University of Gottingen from 1795 to 1798. He became the Director of the Gottingen Observatory from 1807 until his death. His father was a manual labourer but noticed his son's talents quite early. It has been said that Karl displayed incredible talent in math at a very young age. There are stories that tell of him managing his father's business accounts before the age of 5 and apparently even catching a payroll error. When a teacher asked him to add up the numbers between 1 and 100, (to keep him busy) Gauss quickly found a short cut for the answer 5050. A well-known today....thanks to Gauss. He called mathematics "The Queen of the Sciences" and arithmetic "The Queen of Mathematics”.
CONTRIBUTIONS
At 24 years of age, he wrote a book called Disquisitines Arithmeticae, which is regarded today as one of the most influential books written in math.
He also wrote the first modern book on number theory, and proved the law of quadratic reciprocity.
In 1801, Gauss discovered and developed the method of least squares fitting, 10 years before Legendre, unfortunately, he didn't publish it.
Gauss proved that every number is the sum of at most three...

...Social Theorist Karl Marx
The social theorist I chose to do my paper on is Karl Marx. Marx was born in Trier, Rhenish Prussia, on May 5, 1818. Marx was the son of Heinrich Marx, a lawyer, and Henriette Marx. Heinrich and Henriette Marx were descendants from a long line of Jewish rabbis. His father was banned from practicing law because he was a Jew. Marx’s father converted his family to Lutheranism. Marx attended a Lutheran elementary school and later became an atheist and materialist, rejecting both the Christian and Jewish religions. Marx would later coin the aphorism “Religion is the opium of the people,” which is a cardinal principle in modern communism. While Marx attended the Friedrich Wilhelm Gymnasium in Trier he excelled in French and Latin, both in which he became fluent. Marx graduated at age 17 in 1835 from the Gymnasium. In later years Marx’s proficiency for languages would help him to teach himself Spanish, Italian, Dutch, English,
Russian, and Scandinavian. Although Marx never lost his Teutonic accent while speaking he came to master the English language and loved Shakespeare, whose works Marx would come to know by heart. In October of 1835 Karl Marx attended Bonn University where he mostly took classes in jurisprudence because it was his fathers wish for his son to follow in his footsteps and become a lawyer. Marx however was more interested in philosophy and literature...

...A
Brief Bio
Of
KARL MARX
Germany May 5th 1818, Karl Heinrich Marx came into the world. Philosopher, sociologist,
economist, journalist; Marx’s ideas would go on to be catalyst for the socialist movement in
1883. In fact many regimes today consider themselves to be of Marxist thought even though
many of them have diluted many of Marx’s original ideas. Scholars only have recently been
able to view and study many of his writings being as though Marx had delayed publication of
many works. Two of Marx’s most notable works include The Communist Manifesto published
around 1848 and Das Kapitol (Capitol) published in or around 1867, Capitol contained many
volumes and was referred to as ‘the Bible of the working class’.
Born in a wealthy middle class family in the small town of Trier located in Prussia, Karl’s
ancestry line supplied many of Triers rabbis since 1723. Karl’s father, Herchel Marx, converted
from Judaism to Protestant Christian as well as changing his forename to Heinrich during the
time Purssia had anti Jewish laws. In 1815 he began working as an attorney and moved his
family into a ten room house. Karl’s mother, born Henrietta Pressburg was a Dutch Jew, unlike
her husband she was illiterate, devoting all her time to her family. Karl was educated in his
youth in Trier, not much else is known of his younger life, what we do know is that he attended
Trier High School whose...

...Karl Heinrich Marx was born on May 5, 1818, in the city of Trier in the Rhine province of Prussia, now in Germany. Marx was an economic theorist who composed the idea of communism which included the idea of all the people owning all the property and infrastructure. These theories played a large role in international politics and the cold war in the mid to late 20th century.
Marx was the oldest surviving boy of nine children. (Perhaps this is where his theory on equality of resources began. Competing with eight brothers and sisters for attention would have seen an unequal distribution of the parent’s resources to the children) His mother, born Henrietta Pressburg, was from Holland. Both parents were Jewish and were descended from a long line of rabbis, but, a year or so before Karl was born, his father--probably because his professional career required it--was baptized in the Evangelical Established Church. Karl was baptized when he was six years old. Even though Karl was baptized as a youth he still faced discrimination because of his Jewish background. (Marx may have seen from this discrimination that religion wasn’t necessary and was “ the opium of the masses)
In October 1835 Marx matriculated at the University of Bonn. The courses he attended were exclusively in the humanities, in subjects such as Greek and Roman mythology and the history of art. He participated in the usual student...

...Carl Friedrich Gauss
Carl Friedrich Gauss was a German mathematician and scientist who
dominated the mathematical community during and after his lifetime. His
outstanding work includes the discovery of the method of least squares, the
discovery of non-Euclidean geometry, and important contributions to the theory
of numbers.
Born in Brunswick, Germany, on April 30, 1777, Johann Friedrich Carl
Gauss showed early and unmistakable signs of being an extraordinary youth. As a
child prodigy, he was self taught in the fields of reading and arithmetic.
Recognizing his talent, his youthful studies were accelerated by the Duke of
Brunswick in 1792 when he was provided with a stipend to allow him to pursue his
education.
In 1795, he continued his mathematical studies at the University of Gö
ttingen. In 1799, he obtained his doctorate in absentia from the University of
Helmstedt, for providing the first reasonably complete proof of what is now
called the fundamental theorem of algebra. He stated that: Any polynomial with
real coefficients can be factored into the product of real linear and/or real
quadratic factors.
At the age of 24, he published Disquisitiones arithmeticae, in which he
formulated systematic and widely influential concepts and methods of number
theory -- dealing with the relationships and properties of integers. This book
set the pattern for many future research and won Gauss major recognition among...

...Carl Gauss was a man who is known for making a great deal breakthroughs in the wide variety of his work in both mathematics and physics. He is responsible for immeasurable contributions to the fields of number theory, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, magnetism, astronomy, and optics, as well as many more. The concepts that he himself created have had an immense influence in many areas of the mathematic and scientific world.
Carl Gauss was born Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss, on the thirtieth of April, 1777, in Brunswick, Duchy of Brunswick (now Germany). Gauss was born into an impoverished family, raised as the only son of a bricklayer. Despite the hard living conditions, Gauss's brilliance shone through at a young age. At the age of only two years, the young Carl gradually learned from his parents how to pronounce the letters of the alphabet. Carl then set to teaching himself how to read by sounding out the combinations of the letters. Around the time that Carl was teaching himself to read aloud, he also taught himself the meanings of number symbols and learned to do arithmetical calculations.
When Carl Gauss reached the age of seven, he began elementary school. His potential for brilliance was recognized immediately. Gauss's teacher Herr Buttner, had assigned the class a difficult problem of addition in which the students were to find the sum of the integers from one to one hundred. While...

...Friedrich Gauss
Carl Friedrich Gauss, “Prince of Mathematics”
For hundreds of years mathematics has played a significant role in the development of society, from organizing calendars to the latest method of encryption for the United States government computers. Civilization as we know it would be altered immensely if mathematics did not play such a considerable role in the development of architecture and technology. Over hundreds of years, several mathematicians have paved the way for new ways of thinking and new inventions. One important mathematician is Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss. He was also known at the time as Princeps Mathematicorum, which translates to mean Prince of Mathematicians. Gauss has contributed to several concepts in mathematics and science such as: number theory, statistics, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, geophysics and several others. His many contributions, have allowed scholars to explore these fields to a greater extent. In Algebra, Gauss worked with congruencies, and proved the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra.
Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss was born in Brunswick, Germany on April 30, 1777, to impoverished, working class parents. His father, Gebhard Dietrich Gauss, worked as a gardener and bricklayer. His mother, Dorothea Gauss, was the daughter of a stonecutter. At the tender age of three...

...BiographyKarl Popper
Karl Popper was born in 1902 on the 28th of July, in Vienna, Austria into a middle-class family with Jewish parents. Over the years, Karl Popper evolved from an assistant cabinet maker and school teacher, to one of the world's leading philosophers.
Karl Popper was attracted by the many intellectual experiences held in Vienna including music, physics, mathematics, and politics. Popper worked at the Alfred Alder children's clinic where he developed many ideas on philosophy. In 1928, Karl Popper got his Ph.D. in philosophy at the University of Vienna, and became an equally social, and political philosopher. After WWII Popper immigrated to New Zealand from Austria, where he taught philosophy at Canterbury University College of Christchurch. In 1946 he became reader of logic and scientific method at the London School of Economics, where he was appointed professor in 1949.
In 1965, Karl Popper was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 1965, and was elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1976. He had retired from his academic life in 1969, and was now a Fellow of the British Academy, and Membre de I'Institute de France. He was also Honorary member of the Harvand Chapter of Phi Beta Kappa, and an Honorary Fellow of the London School of Economics, King's College London, and of Darwin College Cambridge. He was awarded prizes and honours thorught the world...