Kargil War Synopsis

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Project Report
(Project : Kargil War, 1999)

The Kargil War of 1999 was a conflict between India and Pakistan on the dispute of the Kargil district of the state of Kashmir near the Line of Control. Since a war is a two-party affair, it is the equivalent of two individual projects, each as a point of view of a country in this case. Hence we take only the Indian scenario as the point of view for this project.

Why we selected this project?
This war consisted of various missions and military operations (which can be considered as activities), it had a definite starting point (2nd week of May) when Capt. Saurabh Kalia surveyed the area for enemy activity, and the mobilization of 2 lakh Indian soldiers to the LOC. It had a definite end point i.e. 26th July when the fighting ceased. In fact this is known as the Kargil Vijay Diwas. The objective, which was pre-decided and attained, was to take in control all the region on the Indian side of the LoC, as per the Simla Agreement of 1972. Here monetary cost is less relevant, and instead we consider the cost of lives of Indian soldiers as the equivalent. The project manager was General Ved Prakash Malik, the Army chief at that time. The challenges faced ranged from disguised enemy as citizens to lack of international support. But the 2 biggest challenges include the extreme weather, and difficulty in logistics and transport due to the extreme terrain. Due to these unique challenges we chose this as the project.

Salient features:
* The war is one of the most recent examples of high altitude warfare in mountainous terrain, which posed significant logistical problems for the combating sides.  * This was only the second direct ground war between any two countries after they had developed nuclear weapons, after the Sino-Soviet border conflict of 1969. * The region of Kargil where the war was fought is located 205 km (120 miles) from Srinagar, facing the Northern Areas across the LOC. Like...
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