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Born| July 13, 1915
Died| April 16, 1989 (aged 73)|
Fields| quality, chemical engineering|
Institutions| University of Tokyo, Musashi Institute of Technology| Alma mater| University of Tokyo|
Known for| Ishikawa diagram, quality circle|
Notable awards| Walter A. Shewhart Medal, Order of the Sacred Treasures| Kaoru Ishikawa (石川 馨 Ishikawa Kaoru?, July 13, 1915 - April 16, 1989) was a Japanese university professor and influential quality management innovator best known in North America for the Ishikawa or cause and effect diagram (also known as fishbone diagram) that is used in the analysis of industrial process. Contents [hide] * 1 Biography * 2 Contributions to quality * 3 Awards and recognition * 4 Books * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links| -------------------------------------------------
Born in Tokyo, the oldest of the eight sons of Ichiro Ishikawa. In 1939 he graduated University of Tokyo with an engineering degree in applied chemistry. His first job was as a naval technical officer (1939-1941) then moved on to work at the Nissan Liquid Fuel Company until 1947. Ishikawa would now start his career as an associate professor at the University of Tokyo. He then undertook the presidency of the Musashi Institute of Technology in 1978. In 1949, Ishikawa joined the Japanese Union of Scientists and Engineers (JUSE) quality control research group. After World War II Japan looked to transform its industrial sector, which in North America was then still perceived as a producer of cheap wind-up toys and poor quality cameras. It was his skill at mobilizing large groups of people towards a specific common goal that was largely responsible for Japan's quality-improvement initiatives. He translated, integrated and expanded the management...