KANT’S MORAL RIGHTS
By Muhammad Nabil Fikri bin Suberi (207858)
“Treat others as you would like to be treated”
The Golden Rule shows a significant similarity with Kant’s concept of categorical imperatives. Emanuel Kant, the most famous deontologist talks about morality being a system of categorical imperatives. To describe categorical imperative, it is a system that requires everyone to be treated the same like everyone else. Categorical imperative is an absolute rule that bind us regardless of our desires or any consideration that would be taken into account. Before describing this further, we must first understand what is imperative. Imperative is a ‘should’ and ‘must’ statement. It has to be accompanied by desire and belief. If we lose our desire, then we are no longer bound to the imperative. On the other hand, categorical imperative makes our desires completely irrelevant. It binds us in the virtue of our rational nature. According to Kant, for one to act morally, he or she has to obey the categorical imperative and act out of reference for the moral law. He believes that there is a logical relationship between the moral concept of right or wrong and the imperatives. He offers several formulations for the categorical imperative; mainly the principle of humanity and maxim. In a nutshell, we must all come to note that every single person have the right to make their own decision of their own life. To sacrifice someone for the goodness of many is an immoral act. Beside this, we also cannot force someone to do something, even if it is for their own good. This is based on the principle that everyone has the right to determine their own life.
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