Kanndiss Riley

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Civil Rights in the USA 1945-1968
What do I need to revise?

Civil Rights in the USA 1945-1968: Checklist
1)
• • • 

African Americans in the 19th Century
Reconstrustion Jim Crow Plessey v ferguson Understand position of blacks.

4)
• • • • • • • • • •  • • •  • •

Campaigns 1960-1966

2)
• • • • • • 

The Early 20th Century

3)

• • • •

Great Migration Great War Sense of Community The Depression NAACP Second World War Understand how these factors shape Civil Rights post 1945.

5)

Greensboro 1960 - w, w, w, w, o/s? Freedom Rides 1961 - w, w, w, w, o/s? James Meredith 1961 Albany 1961-62 - w, w, w, w, o/s? Birmingham 1963 - w, w, w, w, o/s? Washington 1963 - w, w, w, w, o/s? Civil Rights Act 1964 - strengths & weaknesses Selma 1965 - w, w, w, w, o/s? Voting Rights Act 1965 - strengths & weaknesses Campaigns in north - why unsuccessful? Know inside out.

Martin Luther King?

1945-1960

Truman’s contribution; positive & negative Eisenhower’s contribution; positive & negative Brown 1954- who, where, what, why, outcome/significance? Montgomery 1955-56 - w, w, w, w, o/s? Little Rock 1957 - w, w, w, w, o/s?

6)
7)
• • • • • • • 

Background & rise to prominence Strengths & weaknesses Significance of King Know inside out.

Federal Government in 1960’s
Black Power

Kennedy 61-63 - strengths & weaknesses Johnson 63-68 - strengths & weaknesses Malcolm X & involvement in Nation of Islam Malcolm X - tactics, ideas, when dead Significance of Malcolm X Origins of Black Power & Stokely Carmichael Reasons for emergence of Black Power Black Panther Party - aims and tactics Significance of Black power Know inside out.

Civil Rights in the USA 1945-1968: Checklist
8) Minority Groups
•  Mexican Americans and Native Americans. Understand experience & similarities & differences with black Civil rights campaigns.

9)
• 

Civil Rights Legislation

1964, 1965 & 1968 - know strengths & weaknesses of each. Understand little help before 1964 & still some way to go after 1968

Civil Rights in the USA 1945-1968
How do I revise?

•Brainstorms - Events - Montgomery, Birmingham. - Presidents - Civil Rights activity. - Leaders of various groups, aims & ideas.

- Legislation - strengths & weaknesses.
•Tables - strengths/weaknesses of people. - success/failure of events, Presidents.

•Timeline - 1950’s & 1960’s - events, Presidents.
•Lists - colours to highlight certain bits. - Significance of… people, events. Remember - Questions often refer to specific dates within the period. •Dates of main events need to be learnt. •Presidents dates need to be learnt. •Legislation dates need to be learnt.

1947 Truman administration report, To Secure These Rights. 1948 Truman tries to end discrimination in federal employment, black judges & deseg. army 1950 Supreme Court virtually overturns PLESSY v. FERGUSON—Separate but equal ruling. 1954 Till and Lucy illustrated Eisenhower’s attitude. 1954 Supreme Court declares against segregated schools (BROWN). White Citizens Councils are formed throughout South. Malcolm X’s preaching gains many converts for the Nation of Islam in Harlem.

Truman Democrat 1945-53

1955 Supreme Court urged desegregation of education (BROWN II). 1955-6 Montgomery Bus boycott incident. King involved. 1956 Supreme Court declares segregation on buses unconstitutional. 1957 Desegregation controversy at Little Rock, Arkansas. Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) formed. 1958 Supreme Court declares school segregation unconstitutional (COOPER v. AARON). 1960 Anti-segregation Sit-ins begin in the South—Greensboro

Eisenhower Republican 1953-61

1961 Anti-segregation Freedom Riders travel the South. James Farmer of CORE. Albany Movement. Clever police chief, Laurie Pritchett. 1962 University of Mississippi enrolment crisis. James Meredith. Non-discriminatory federal housing. 1963 Kennedy’s Civil Rights bill. Birmingham riots. March on Washington. 1964-8...
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