Topics: Qing Dynasty, Overseas Chinese, Guangdong Pages: 5 (1895 words) Published: June 17, 2008
Kaiping City is a county-level city located in southern China in the Guangdong province. It located at the southwest part of the Pearl River delta and has been nicknamed “the pearl of south China.” It is around 110 kilometers east from Guangzhou City and adjacent to Hong Kong and Macao. Kaiping consists of three port cities: Changsha, Xinchang, and Dihai. It has an area of 1,659 square kilometers with thirteen townships and two sub-district offices with a total local population of 681,120 people. Kaiping is in a south-Asian tropical monsoon & oceanic climate zone, with yearly average temperature of 21.5º Celsius and yearly precipitation from 1700 millimeters to 2400 millimeters. The local people of the area speak a variation of the Taishan dialect. Kaiping County was founded in 1649 and Kaiping City was founded on January 5, 1993. Administratively speaking, Kaiping is under the jurisdiction of Jiangmen.. It is a famous tourist spot for sceneries and historic sites located in its villages, including the Liyuan garden and diaolou dwellings. Kaiping City is a famous homeland of the overseas Chinese, a famous land of construction, culture, gardens and art. Kaiping is renowned nationwide as a native land to numerous overseas Chinese. It “was a major source of emigrants at the turn of the last century. As a result, a large number of early Chinese Canadian and Chinese American communities had people who originated from Kaiping and its neighboring counties of Taishan, Enping and Xinhui. It is said that there are more Kaipingnese people living abroad today than there are Kaipingnese in Kaiping. ” It is stated of being the hometown of more than 750,000 overseas Chinese residing in 67 countries and regions all over the world. One important historical event of Kaiping is when many Chinese from the area moved to the United States during the 1830s looking for income as farmers were not making money. In 1882, the United States adopted the Chinese Exclusion Act sending most of the Chinese back home or to other countries. Eventually, many Kaiping natives returned home attached with western culture. Kaiping brings western and eastern culture all over the world. It joined Sister Cities International and became a Sister City to Mesa, Arizona on October 18, 1993. During Willie Wong's term in office, the mayor of Mesa, he was contacted by several Chinese cities seeking an association in the United States. Since Mayor Wong and many Mesa residents of Chinese heritage have family roots in the Kaiping area, Kaiping was selected. Mayor Wong led a delegation to Kaiping in October 1994. An official delegation from Kaiping returned the visit in June 1996. Kaiping invited Mesa to bring a trade delegation to an April 1997 Trade Fair. “Currently the Mesa Sister City Association is developing a student and teacher exchange program with Kaiping. In May 2000, a group of students and faculty members from Mesa Community College visited Kaiping for several weeks, assisting with English language classes at one of Kaiping's middle schools. Additional exchanges are being planned. ” Kaiping is also world renowned for being a popular tourist area with its famous villages, sceneries, and historic sites. Once popular village is Genghua in Tangkou town, which is 20 kilometers from the downtown area of Kaiping. Genghua village was built between the years 1926 to 1936. It covers an area of 11,000 square meters which includes Chinese gardens and an atmosphere of Western architectures. It is home to the popular Li Garden. This garden was originally owned by Xie Wei Li, an emigrant Chinese who resided in the United States. The garden was built in the early 20th century. The layout of Li Garden is divided into three sections: villa zone, grand garden, and little garden. Each garden has a style of its own and separated by are separated by artificial creeks or walls, but are connected by pavilion bridges and winding corridors. On the walls and...
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