Kafka and His Father

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Lillie 1
Nathan Lillie
Mark Ari
Lit 2000
Kafka and his Father
In Franz Kafka's novel The Metamorphosis, The relationship between Gregor and his father was a clash of personalities that isn't clearly explained. As readers take a closer look at Kafka's letter to his father it reveals that there is more to this story than meets the eye. The Metamorphosis does not say much about the relationship that Gregor and his father had before Gregor transformed into a giant bug, but it does show what that relationship was reduced to.  Kafka's letter to his father gives insight into Kafka's life and experiences that shows how all of it started. The transformation Gregor went through is a metaphor for the relationship that Kafka had with his father.                 Gregor  was a businessman who was working to pay his father's debt off and to support his family. While the text does not specifically say something happened between Gregor and his father, and it become obvious that this event made Gregor feel that he had been reduced to  a bug in his own eyes and in the eyes of his father. This is where the parallels can be seen between Gregor's father and Franz Kafka's. " You asked me recently why I maintain that I am afraid of you. As usual, I was unable to think of any answer to your question, partly for the very reason that I am afraid of you..."(Kafka 1) Franz Kafka was an only son and the only one Lillie 2

to take the brunt of the demands of his father. While Kafka even says that he would have no problem with his father "... as a friend, as a boss an uncle, a grandfather, even(though rather more hesitantly) as a father-in-law. Only as a father have you been too strong for me..."(Kafka 1) he became distant and his father saw this as weakness and treated him as he saw him, a bug.

Kafka being a quiet and timid person did not openly speak against the authority of his father and remained quiet throughout his life. This is similar to the time Gregor spent as a bug,...
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