By. Rachel DeMoss
Juvenile Justice, this is not only the topic of this paper, but also a topic of great debate. To better understand why and how todays juvenile justice system is the way it is we will have to understand a little bit of the history. With that I will cover some important cases that changed how it is run today. There have been many changes over the years and still some similarities of how we think of and deal with juveniles and their delinquency. To better understand the changes we will have to look at the different eras in this history of juvenile justice. There are six different eras we will cover 1) The earliest times, 2) Juveniles in early America, 3) the institutional era, 4) the house of refuge, 5) the Chicago reform school, 6) The juvenile court era. The first era to understand is the earliest times. In this time there wasn’t an age for separation as there is now. Children were held to the same standards as adults. No matter the age they were tried and punished alongside adults. Problems such as epilepsy, poverty, or mental conditions were also seen as crime. Romans also had an idea called parens patriae which allows the state to take custody of the child when the child becomes delinquent, abandoned or the parents are unable or unwilling to take care of the child. This caused many families to hid the problem child or send them away so they would not be locked up. By the middle ages the Christian churches influenced the laws dealing with children. The church believed that no child under age seven could be held responsible for the defying ways. The second era is the juveniles in early America. The juvenile justice system in early America was much like the English had used. There was a heavy believe in discipline and obedience. This led to both juveniles and adults being locked up in jails and prisons quiet often. Puritan influence was a big part of the laws when it came to children. They believed that social...
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