The Juvenile Justice System Notes and Research
The following is an excerpt from the Juvenile Offenders and Victims: A National Report publication, NCJ 153569, pages 76–79. The statistics have been updated to reflect the latest available data.
Each State's processing of law violators is unique:
Even within States, case processing often varies from community to community depending on local practice and tradition. Consequently, any description of juvenile justice processing must be general, outlining a common series of decision points.
Law enforcement diverts many juvenile offenders out of the justice system:
At arrest, a decision is made either to send the matter further into the justice system or to divert the case out of the system, often into alternative programs. Usually, law enforcement makes this decision, after talking to the victim, the juvenile, and the parents, and after reviewing the juvenile's prior contacts with the juvenile justice system. Nineteen percent of all juveniles arrested in 2007 were handled within the police department and then released. Seventy percent of arrested juveniles were referred to juvenile court.
Federal regulations discourage holding juveniles in adult jails and lockups. If law enforcement must detain a juvenile in secure custody for a brief period in order to contact a parent or guardian or to arrange transportation to a juvenile detention facility, Federal regulations require that the juvenile be securely detained for no longer than 6 hours and in an area that is not within sight or sound of adult inmates.
Most juvenile court cases are referred by law enforcement:
Law enforcement referrals accounted for 81% of all delinquency cases referred to juvenile court in 2005. The remaining referrals were made by others such as parents, victims, schools, and probation officers.
The court intake function is generally the responsibility of the juvenile probation department and/or the prosecutor's office. At this... [continues]
Cite This Essay
(2012, 01). Juveniles Justice Sysytem. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 01, 2012, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/Juveniles-Justice-Sysytem-897079.html
"Juveniles Justice Sysytem" StudyMode.com. 01 2012. 01 2012 <http://www.studymode.com/essays/Juveniles-Justice-Sysytem-897079.html>.
"Juveniles Justice Sysytem." StudyMode.com. 01, 2012. Accessed 01, 2012. http://www.studymode.com/essays/Juveniles-Justice-Sysytem-897079.html.