Juvenile Justice System

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Separate Juvenile Justice System

DeVry University
Professor C. Robins

Katja C. Bonds
August 14, 2011

I. Introduction
A. Juvenile
1. Age range for juveniles
2. Delinquent juvenile
3. Young offenders
II. History overview of Juvenile Justice System
A. Parent Interaction
1. The responsibilities of the parent
2. The responsibilities of the juvenile
B. Police Interaction
1. Discretion of circumstances
2. Safety of the juvenile
3. Rights of the juvenile
4. Juvenile protection
C. Court System Interaction
1. Decisions of the court
2. Understanding the legal issue regarding juveniles
3. Deciding the best solution/alternative
4. Resolve/follow through in the welfare of the juvenile
III. Juvenile Crimes
A. Classification of minor crimes for juveniles
B. Classification of major crimes for juveniles
IV. Juveniles tried as adults
A. Juvenile court vs. adult court
1. Prevention
2. Diversion

In today’s society, there are not that many distinctions between juveniles and adults when it comes to the criminal justice system. The main distinction between an adult and a juvenile is of course the age and the types of sentencing a juvenile may receive compared to an adult. The juvenile justice system has a tiered affect when it comes to sentencing but it relies heavily on the maturity and intellect of the juvenile. Due to that reason, there will always be a separate juvenile justice system to ensure the juvenile truly understands the nature of the crime and the consequences. The severity and brutality of some juvenile crimes has escalated over the past years and the community is outraged along with the parents, the police and the court system. There are some juveniles with such minor infractions as running away, truancy and some simple assault that is related to school fights. Those types of crimes are minor compared to rape, aggravated assault or murder. The main function of the juvenile justice system is reform. Juvenile delinquency is defined as: a special category of offense created for youths who, in most U.S. jurisdictions, are persons between the ages of 7 and 18 (Bohm & Haley, 2008). To show them options to get back on the right track and lead a productive and healthy life dependent on the crime. If the crime is severe in nature, the majority of the public is fed up with the juvenile system that they want the juvenile tried as an adult with no other options. Trying to reform or rehabilitate is out of the question and a waste of time. The amount of juveniles in the criminal system is astounding. Is the juvenile justice system to lenient and needs to be revamped to change with the times; or, is the juvenile justice system still effective and the options of reform and rehabilitation need to remain status quo? In order to keep up with the amount of juveniles in the system and try to prevent others from going down the wrong path, the juvenile system needs an overhaul that is relevant to the 20th century and today’s crimes. The main goal of the juvenile justice system is the protection and welfare of the young offender. There are many positive sides of the juvenile system to include the separation of the crime and consequences as it relates to adult crimes. The juvenile system is similar to being treated as an adult; the main purpose is reform and preventing any further crimes. The court system would not want juveniles around adults that have also committed violent crimes. The safety issue is the main reason for separation and being amongst peers. Assigned is a special judge to oversee the hearings and they are held in a separate facility. This will ensure the confidentiality of the juvenile and the crime is maintained. Juvenile hearings are confidential as well and kept in a separate area. With this type of separation “the juvenile...
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