The term juvenile delinquent was established so that young lawbreakers could avoid being classified in legal records as criminals. “The laws were designed to provide treatment, rather than punishment, for juvenile offenders” (Neubauer, 444) California is a decentralized state which means that delinquency services are organized at both the state and local level in California. County probation departments administer detention, commitment, delinquency intake screening, predisposition investigation, and probation supervision (Neubauer, 447). New Jersey is a combination state where the state operates most delinquency services for youth in New Jersey, with the exception of secure detention. However, responsibility is divided between the state judicial and state executive branches (Center on Juvenile & Criminal Justice).
Juvenile delinquency is behavior that if committed by an adult would constitute a crime or disorderly persons offense (Neubauer, 446). Every state has their own definition of adolescent offenders and decided in different ways how they should treat them. Under both California and New Jersey laws children are considered minors until the age of eighteen. In both N.J. and C.A. the prosecutor can waive the charges from juvenile to adult status. In some instances California laws remand cases back to disposition in juvenile court. Once a minor has been transferred and convicted in a California court of... [continues]
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(2008, 04). Juvenile Justice System. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 04, 2008, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/Juvenile-Justice-System-146140.html
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