Juvenile Justice Final Exam

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JUVENILE JUSTICE I FINAL EXAMYour browser does either not support Javascript or has Javascript disabled. This assessment contains features that requires Javascript. Refer to your browser's documentation to determine if Javascript is disabled and how to enable it. If you are using a browser that does not support Javascript switch to a different browser.

1. Youths who loiter on street corners are potential candidates for being stopped and questioned by police officers. In these instances, police action is based upon which of the following? A) Probable cause because loitering usually precedes criminal activity B) Proof beyond a reasonable doubt since youths who loiter are criminals C) Clear and convincing evidence since loitering is a status offense D) Situationally-based police discretion

2. What is the National Youth Survey? A) A publication maintained by youth in correctional facilities B) Self-reports
C) A youth gang
D) A euphemism for excessive police force
3. Which theory would discourage contacts with criminals or hardcore offenders? A) Psychoanalytic B) Differential association
C) Concentric zone
D) Biological determinism
4. Which philanthropic organization significantly influenced eighteenth-century correctional practices? A) The Philadelpia Society for Alleviating the Miseries of Public Persons B) The Bridewell Workhouse

C) The National Rifle Association
D) The Parens Patriae Assembly
5. Which of the following is true as to the intake process in most jurisdictions during the past decade? A) It is becoming increasingly formal B) It is becoming increasingly informal
C) It is becoming cost-prohibitive
D) It is becoming ineffective
6. What population did truancy statutes target? A) Runaways
B) Youths who avoided attending school
C) Petty thieves
D) Youthful sex offenders
7. Which of the following often functions as both a legal and extralegal factor? A) Age B) Gender
C) Race
D) Ethnicity
8. Which of the following are documents filed with juvenile court that allege a certain juvenile is delinquent? A) Petitions B) Charters
C) Allegations
D) Indictments
9. What was the right denied to the minor in the case of McKeiver v. Pennsylvania? A) The opportunity to cross-examine witnesses B) The right to an attorney
C) The right to effective counsel
D) The right to a jury trial
10. What is the most accurate statement about the Uniform Crime Reports? A) The UCR seriously underestimates the true amount of crime nationally B) The UCR reveals a true picture of the amount of crime nationally C) The UCR excludes minorities

D) The UCR overestimates the true amount of crime nationally 11. This theory conjectures that delinquency is caused by a genetic structure that is principally aggressive? A) Differential association B) XYY

C) Hedonism
D) Psychoanalytic
12. What was the Hospital of Saint Michael known for its use of? A) Solitary confinement B) Surgery
C) Corporal punishment
D) Inhumane leadership
13. The idea that certain persons are destined to be delinquent is consistent with which theory? A) Labeling B) Differential association
C) Deterministic
D) Containment
14. Kent v. United States is regarded as significant for what reason? A) It was the first modern-day juvenile rights case B) It recognized the intrinsic powers of juvenile courts
C) It authorized the use of probation for juvenile offenders D) It prohibited the imposition of the death penalty for juvenile offenders 15. Why are self-reports most likely inaccurate? A) Researchers do not survey all juveniles B) Juveniles tend to brag about crimes they have not committed C) The Uniform Crime Reports is the only accurate measure of delinquency D) Police are effective at arresting most all juvenile offenders 16. Which of the following refers to the range of behavioral choices police officers have within the limits of their power? A) A force continuum B) Extralegal factors

C) Divestiture
D) Discretion
17. Which is the equivalent of an adult...
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