Juvenile Justice Chapter 5 Assignment

Topics: Criminology, Crime, Reinforcement Pages: 3 (953 words) Published: March 6, 2015
Juvenile Justice
Chapter 5 Assignment
Cristian Contreras

Shaw and McKay’s developed their own theory in the 1920s; this was one of the first attempts to focus on the social conditions that lead to delinquency. They wanted to explain why juvenile crime rates were so high in areas of a city characterized by urban decay. Why was there increased delinquency in the zone in transition? There were three characteristics of interstitial areas identified by Shaw McKay: cultural heterogeneity, mobility, and poverty. In the 1920s, a big number of immigrants from many countries came to the United States and regularly lived in the zone in transition where housing was cheapest. So this means there was a large number of cultures that lived which in other areas this really didn’t exist. The number of cultures lead to the lack of a common value system among the residents. Some could not understand each other’s cultural differences and they wouldn’t interact with each other. So neighbors that took care of each other children and a general feeling of cohesiveness with neighbors, these neighbors didn’t exist in the zone in transition.

When delinquent gangs are established with a different set of values, norms, and beliefs, the type of delinquent gang that develops will depend on the neighborhood in which the youths live and whether they have access to illegitimate opportunity structures. There are three distinct types of gangs that might form in neighborhoods: criminal gangs, conflict gangs, and retreatist gangs. Criminal gangs exist in organized communities in which younger offenders can gain the necessary knowledge and skills to be successful criminals from older offenders. These gangs are likely to commit crimes such as drug dealing, commercial theft burglary, and other crimes with an economic motive. Conflict gangs don’t have the access to these illegitimate opportunity structures to obtain their goals. These gangs are highly disorganized; there are no adult criminal...
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