Juvenile Delinquency

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Juvenile Delinquency

Group Members’ Names:
* Tee Li Mei
* Kalananthni Pushpanathan
* Vidhya Sathyamoorthy
* Sharifah Zubaidah Syed Abdullah
* Cheah Wan Theng
* Chua Chu Wei
* Lim Li Fang

Question:
One of the increasing problems faced by Malaysian society is juvenile delinquency. Examine what measures can be taken by the government, society and the individual to help curb this rapidly rising problem.

Table of Contents

Introduction1
What should the government do to curb this problem?3
Education3
Recreation and Community involvement4
What should society do to curb this problem?5
Voluntary Groups5
Mass Media6
What should individuals do to curb this problem?7
Parenting Skills7
Self-empowerment11
Psychologists12
References14

Introduction
According to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989, juvenile or child is defined as ‘all human beings under the age, unless the relevant national laws recognize an earlier age of majority’. Juvenile delinquency, hence, is the unlawful acts committed by juveniles. However, the legal framework prescribed by the United Nations is subject to national laws. The Malaysian constitution, under section 2 of the Malaysian Child Act 2001, states that in relation to criminal proceedings, juveniles are defined as people who have attained the age of criminal responsibility. This is further explained by sections 82 and 83 of the Penal Code. Section 82 clearly states that no child below the age of 10 can hold criminal responsibility. This section is justified by the principle of doli incapax which is the presumption such children is not capable of crime. Section 83, on the other hand, provides conditional legal protection to children above the age of 10 and below 12. Such children cannot hold criminal responsibility unless proven that they possess an understanding of the nature and consequences of their acts. Thus, in the Malaysian legal context, juvenile delinquency refers to cases involving persons above the age of 12, up to 18 and based on section 83 of the Federal Penal Code, possibly persons between the age of 10 and 12. Cases of juvenile delinquency in Malaysia have increased tremendously over the past years. Based on the Malaysian Youth Report of 2007, there was a mind-boggling 33% increase in juvenile arrests in the year 2006 since 1998. Statistics presented in the Youth Report proved that criminal cases involving juveniles are experiencing a rising trend. For example, the number of juvenile arrests for persons of the age between 16 and 18 showed a 124% increase in 2006 from the year 2002!

This research project discusses the possible measures that can be taken to curb this rapidly increasing problem. It proposes the action of 3 parties - the Malaysian government, society and individuals.

What should the government do to curb this problem?
Education
First, juvenile delinquency should be curbed through education. Some parents may say that education is not a good way to reduce crimes among teens. They claim that juveniles involved in crimes are influenced by peers. It is true that peer influence is powerful, but education can reduce the influence. That is why civic education restructures so that it is more interesting to attract attention of students. Nowadays, youth adults like to spend their times with friends than to spend their time with family. Through education, teens learn to develop independence in thoughts and behavior. That is, they need not have to feel that they need to belong to any group. Importantly, through education young adults learn about the importance of civic-mindedness and civic consciousness. A young adult who is civic consciousness will avoid themselves from committing a crime because they are mature and they know that commit a crime is immorality. Besides, education also teaches children about the effects of drugs, gangs, sex, and weapons and others. All of these provide youths with...
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