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Juvenile Delinquency

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Juvenile Delinquency

Group Members’ Names:
* Tee Li Mei
* Kalananthni Pushpanathan
* Vidhya Sathyamoorthy
* Sharifah Zubaidah Syed Abdullah
* Cheah Wan Theng
* Chua Chu Wei
* Lim Li Fang

Question:
One of the increasing problems faced by Malaysian society is juvenile delinquency. Examine what measures can be taken by the government, society and the individual to help curb this rapidly rising problem.

Table of Contents

Introduction1
What should the government do to curb this problem?3
Education3
Recreation and Community involvement4
What should society do to curb this problem?5
Voluntary Groups5
Mass Media6
What should individuals do to curb this problem?7
Parenting Skills7
Self-empowerment11
Psychologists12
References14

Introduction
According to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989, juvenile or child is defined as ‘all human beings under the age, unless the relevant national laws recognize an earlier age of majority’. Juvenile delinquency, hence, is the unlawful acts committed by juveniles. However, the legal framework prescribed by the United Nations is subject to national laws. The Malaysian constitution, under section 2 of the Malaysian Child Act 2001, states that in relation to criminal proceedings, juveniles are defined as people who have attained the age of criminal responsibility. This is further explained by sections 82 and 83 of the Penal Code. Section 82 clearly states that no child below the age of 10 can hold criminal responsibility. This section is justified by the principle of doli incapax which is the presumption such children is not capable of crime. Section 83, on the other hand, provides conditional legal protection to children above the age of 10 and below 12. Such children cannot hold criminal responsibility unless proven that they possess an understanding of the nature and consequences of their acts. Thus, in the Malaysian legal context, juvenile...