Juvenile delinquency is a negative behavior of children and teens that may violate the law or cause widespread disorders in communities or society. The age limit of juvenile not only varies from country to country but also from state to state within a country as in the case of the United States. However no matter different the age limit is, every government takes juvenile delinquency as a serious issue. In order to develop effective prevention, the reasons behind juvenile delinquency have been studied. In general, juvenile delinquency may stem from the complex economic and social conditions, dysfunctional family settings and peer influences. First of all, part of juvenile delinquency is driven by the negative consequences of social and economic development, especially when the country is undergoing some serious economic crises and political instability period. The continuing unemployment and low income among the youth and their families linked with the instable socio-economy can escalate the possibility of their involvement in criminal activities. According to the 2006 figure of the United States, more than 25% of people who were arrested for burglary, larceny and theft were under age 18. Even though the figure was less than half of what it was in 1980, the huge impact of negative social and economic conditions is still an essential factor which leads to juvenile delinquency that may not be neglected. What’s more, dysfunctional family settings are closely associated with juvenile delinquency. Family is where a child first to form the value of the world and it may be a lifelong influence. In disadvantaged family, few opportunities for legitimate employment for children may prompt them to join a juvenile delinquent group to raise their self-esteem and improve their status; the absence of father may cause a boy to take the male role wrongly as cruelty and anxiety; getting insufficient love from their parents and suffering abuse may lose respect...
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