October 24, 2010
The Juvenile corrections system has various methods to support the underlying goal of rehabilitation and reform. This system affects the entire community in its successes and failures; members of the society should take time to understand what efforts are being made to reform these young offenders and what obstacles must be eliminated to make it more effective. The following paper will attempt to summarize community based treatment, confinement of juveniles and programs used to follow up with those released from institutions.
Juvenile corrections are divided into two categories identified as Community treatment and Institutional treatment (The Core 2005). Community treatment is the more prominently used method. The primary goal of this program is to provide care, protection and treatment of the juvenile in need (The Core 2005). Programs used within Community treatment are probation, restitution, vocational training, and treatment service such as drug or alcohol counseling. These programs may be used alone or in conjunction with one another.
Probation is used for those juveniles who are not a threat to the community and better served by allowing treatment within the community. Those given probation enter into a contract of sorts with the court. The offender agrees to obey rules and not break the law in exchange for not being placed into confinement. Should the juvenile offender break the rules they understand they may be place into a confinement center to complete their treatment. Probation allows the juvenile to avoid the negative effects of confinement and promotes rehabilitation while maintaining normal community contact (The Core 2005). While on probation an offender may be required to obtain treatment services.
Treatment services such as anger management or substance abuse counseling allows the juvenile to work through issues that contributed to their social unacceptable...