Psychologists, sociologists and criminologists the world over have long debated the various causes of delinquency. This paper focuses on some of the causes the have been and are considered viable from a theoretical and practical perspective. Some of these theorists point to the seminal experience of a childhood trauma especially child abuse, either of a physical or sexual nature. Some other people think that race, gender and socio-economic conditions (especially poverty) are of prime importance in a young person’s life. There is also the factor of peer influences. Young people are especially vulnerable in their early teen years and subject to a great deal of peer pressure to conform to certain values, norms and behaviors. Delinquency continues to be a salient topic today and we continue to search for answers to its causative factors.
Juvenile delinquency continues to confound a broad range of behavioral specialists the world over. Some point to child abuse as a key factor while others suggest that child abuse alone is not a predictor of delinquency. There are some theorists who indicate that socio-economic conditions combined with peer influences can be an enormous factor in the development of delinquent behavior. This thesis will address some of the different theories and their attempts to explain why some young people fall into delinquent behavior.
One of the main factors of juvenile delinquency includes family problems. This factor includes a history of criminal activity in the family. It also indicates that juveniles who have been subject to sexual or physical abuse, neglect, or abandonment, are more prone to fit this lifestyle of crime. Another key factor is that it can also be manifested by a lack of parental control over the child. To me personally, I think that failure in school has to be the main factor of them all. This factor manifests itself at an early age. Failure at school includes poor academic performance,...