The Jivaro is a tribe of people from the Andes Mountains located in Ecuador. The name Jivaro was given to this group of people by Spanish conquerors. The Jivaro tribe consists of five sub tribes Shuar, Huambisa, Aguaruna, Achuar and Shiviar. These tribes share a common language however there are slight variations in the dialect that each tribe uses. Of these five sub tribes, this report will focus mainly on the Shuar. The Shuar are most notably known for being fierce warriors. The Shuar fought and fended off not only the Inca, but the Spanish Conquistadors as well. Today the Shuar are still battling, however, now it is the modern society and missionaries that come to try and convert and change their way of life. Though most of the Shuar remain isolated from modern/western society, some Shuar are moving to urban areas, adapting to contemporary life in South America, forgetting their traditional way of life and the culture they once came from. The Shuar live on the eastern slopes of the Andes where mountain ranges meet the Amazon River headwaters. This tropical forest region is characterized by frequent, heavy rainfall and dense tropical vegetation. The Shuar are mainly concentrated in Ecuador. Currently the Jivaro tribe as a whole occupies nearly seven-and-a-half million acres of jungle land along the Peru-Ecuador border. The Shuar, alone, have a population of about seventy-three thousand, occupying the basins of the Santiago, Yaupi, Zamora, and Morona rivers. Gender roles in the Shuar society generally designate that the men protect, hunt, fish, clear forest, and cut wood. Women cultivate the land, cook, make beer, and care for the children and animals. When the Shuar build a house they have two separate entrances that are gender specific, and the woman will only enter the men's side when she is serving the food. The roles of males and females in Shuar society are clearly defined and are tied to religious...
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