Justification of Punishment

Topics: Crime, Punishment, Sociology Pages: 3 (1116 words) Published: April 26, 2009
Justification of Punishment 1 Justification of Punishment Sociology 120 Derek Goodson April 7, 2009 Justification of Punishment 2 There are four different types of punishment that have been put in place over the years in order to deter crime in society; these four types are retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation, and societal protection. These four different types of punishment have raised many questions in today’s society. The changes in today’s society have brought into question the effectiveness of each one of these types of punishment and whether or not they are effective in the way that they were initially put into place for. We will examine each type of punishment in order to see which one is the most effective in deterring crime in today’s society. We will also take this chance to decide if these punishments actually provide any benefits to either the criminals that they are put in place for or for society whom these punishments are put in place to protect. The first justificationof punishment that we will discuss is that of retribution. Retribution is the moral vengeance to satisfy a society’s need of an offender to suffer as much suffering as they have caused. Retribution is the oldest type of punishment that has been used in society. Retribution dates back to the beginning of punishment in modern society. Retribution was designed to give society moral closer for a person’s actions. Ultimately, retribution is the closest justification of punishment to the old saying in the bible “eye for an eye and tooth for a tooth”. The second justification of punishment is deterrence. Deterrence is an attempt to discourage the act of crime by the use of punishment. Deterrence is a form of punishment that uses examples of different punishments that have been used in the past in order to keep someone from committing a criminal act. This justification is based on the fact that when someone sees what could happen to them if they commit a crime that it will keep...
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