Justice System Position Paper

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In this paper, an assessment will be done on the juvenile justice system. In addition, an explanation will be provided on why the juvenile justice system should focus its efforts on rehabilitation as opposed to punishment. There will also be detailed explanations on how law enforcement, court processes, probation, corrections, community programs and intervention services will be effected. The paper will analyze some of the arguments that will oppose the views of this paper. An explanation will be provided as to why these arguments are not as valid as the arguments that will be made for rehabilitation in the juvenile justice system. Finally, an analysis will be done on how the advantages would outweigh the disadvantages of rehabilitation over punishment in the juvenile justice system. The juvenile justice system was put into place so that adolescents that had gotten themselves into criminal trouble could be place in corrections facilities that were strictly for adolescents with lighter sentences. The hope was that once they became 18 years of age, the adolescent would be able to have their records expunged and they could move on as adults and live productive lives. However, this line of thought has not worked out as legislation has been adopted within the past 20 years giving the juveniles greater punishments with the severity of their crime. James (2010) makes it clear whether the punishments that the adolescents have been receiving have been successful saying, “In a study focusing on 15- and 16-year-olds, Columbia University compared juvenile offenders charged with similar crimes but tried as juveniles in one state and as adults in another. In the case of burglary, there were "no significant differences" between the two versions of prosecution. However, in the case of robbery, a higher percentage of recidivism occurred in the group prosecuted as adults”. This is an indication that harder punishments for adolescents do not work as the thought process...
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