Guinea, or The Republic of Guinea, is a country located in South Africa that possesses major mineral wealth and agricultural resources, making it one of Africa’s potentially richest countries (BBC News, 2010). Yet, the country is still an undeveloped nation allowing for its people being amongst the poorest in West Africa.
Flag of Guinea
The area that occupies Guinea today once belonged to various West African civilizations such as the Ghana, Mali, and Songhai Empires until France colonized it in 1895, becoming part of French West Africa (U.S. Department of State, 2010). On October 2, 1958, Guinea achieved its independence from France, officially becoming a sovereign and independent state under Ahmed Sekou Toure as president. Toure pursued a revolutionary socialist agenda, resulting in Ghana becoming a “. . . one-party dictatorship, with a closed, socialized economy and no tolerance for human rights, free expression, or political opposition . . .” (U.S. Department of State, 2010). During Toure’s 26-year regime, thousands of people disappeared, killed, or tortured until his death in 1984. General Lasana Conte then seized power in 1984, replacing Guinea’s socialist agenda Toure created with a multiparty democracy and adopted a new constitution (CIA World Factbook). Through “irregularities” in the voting polls, Conte would continue to rule Guinea, being reelected president for his second term in 1998 and again in 2003 for his third. Following President Conte’s death in December of 2008, Captain Moussa Dadis Camara seized power by declaring himself President with an army of soldiers, thus re-establishing a government controlled by the military and the suspending of the Constitution (CIA World Factbook). In response, thousands of protestors gathered in Conakry towards Camara’s unwillingness to yield to domestic and international pressure to step down from presidency. According to the U.S Department of State-Bureau of African Affairs, this heightened political tension led to Guinean soldiers to open fire towards the protestors, killing at least 157 protestors, wounding more than a 1,000 others, and sexually assaulting more than 100 women. In early December of 2009, Camara was wounded from a failed assassination attempt and evacuated to Morocco for medical treatment. Though his wounds were not fatal but necessary for a prolonged period of rehabilitation, a transitional government has been installed. General Konate has assumed the title of interim President of the Republic.
Until December 23, 2008, Guinea was formerly a constitutional republic whose power was most concentrated on a strong presidency and legislative body (Travel Document System.com). The government is currently controlled by a military junta, General Konate, as the interim president with the assistance of a civilian prime minister. Before Konate took presidency, a military officer, Captain Moussa Dadis Camara, seized power of Guinea forcefully. Camara would soon suffer from severe injuries from an assassination attempt that has led to General Konate to currently govern Guinea. Though General Konate has assumed the title of interim President of the Republic, Captain Moussa Dadis Camara remains the official president. Under the reign of General Konate, the effort of establishing a transitional government has been signaled, along with the appointment of Jean-Marie Dore as Prime Minister (Travel Document System.com). The military junta is represented by the NCDD (National Council for Democracy and Development), in which suspended Guinea’s constitution. There are a total of thirty-four members present within the Prime Minister’s cabinet, in which twenty-four members are civilian ministers and the remaining ten members are military officials appointed by the CNDD (Travel Document System.com). Legislative elections, which were previously scheduled for June 2007, have been constantly delayed but have been expected to be...
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