"Incarcerate" redirects here. For the song by Axium, see Alive in Tulsa.
For other uses, see Prison (disambiguation).
A prison (from Old French prisoun) is a place in which people are physically confined and, usually, deprived of a range of personal freedoms. Imprisonment or incarceration is a legal penalty that may be imposed by the state for the commission of a crime. Other terms are penitentiary, correctional facility, remand center, detention center and gaol (or jail).
In the United States, "jail" and "prison" refer to separate levels of incarceration; generally speaking, jails are county or city administrated institutions which house both inmates awaiting trial on the local level and convicted misdemeanants serving a term of one year or less, while prisons are state or federal facilities housing those awaiting trial on the state or federal level and convicted felons serving a term of more than one year. On the federal level, this terminology has been largely superseded by a more complex five-tier system implemented by the Federal Bureau of Prisons that ranges from low security "Prison Camps" to medium security "Correctional Institutions" and finally maximum security "Penitentiaries".
A criminal suspect who has been charged with or is likely to be charged with criminal offense may be held on remand in prison if he is denied or unable to meet conditions of bail, or is unable or unwilling to post bail. A criminal defendant may also be held in prison while awaiting trial or a trial verdict. If found guilty, a defendant will be convicted and may receive a custodial sentence requiring imprisonment.
As well as convicted or suspected criminals, prisons may be used for internment of those not charged with a crime. Prisons may also be used as a tool of political repression to detain political prisoners, prisoners of conscience, and "enemies of the state", particularly by... [continues]
Cite This Essay
(2011, 05). Just Trying Something New. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 05, 2011, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/Just-Trying-Something-New-684695.html
"Just Trying Something New" StudyMode.com. 05 2011. 05 2011 <http://www.studymode.com/essays/Just-Trying-Something-New-684695.html>.
"Just Trying Something New." StudyMode.com. 05, 2011. Accessed 05, 2011. http://www.studymode.com/essays/Just-Trying-Something-New-684695.html.