English 10 Honors (401)
21 February 2013
A Natural History of the Future
"History repeats itself, and that's one of the things that's wrong with history," said an American lawyer Clarence Darrow. Historical events come back and happen over and over. No matter how many wars, terrorism, tortures, or assassinations human beings experience, there will be more conflicts every day; often, they resemble some conflicts from the past. In William Shakespeare's play Julius Caesar, the protagonist Caesar is assassinated by a group of conspiracies that think that crowning Caesar would overturn Rome. In reality, in Ancient Rome, the Senate had named Caesar “dictator perpetuo”, or dictator in perpetuity, and they opposed his policies. They did not assassinate Caesar for themselves; they loved Rome and believed the Romans would live as slaves under Caesar’s leadership. Also, Cassius, the leader of the conspiracy, believed that Caesar's illnesses were not an acceptable trait for a political leader. Many historical assassinators' motives were to bring about a political change in their domesticity, and the illnesses of some leaders afflicted themselves. Shakespeare's Julius Caesar teaches us about the emotional and psychological state of assassins and leaders, and it sparks our interest in history. Some victims of the assassinations were affected by illnesses. Some recently assassinated leaders include John F. Kennedy, Abraham Lincoln, Benazir Bhutto, Martin Luther King, Jr., Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Woodrow Wilson, and these leaders and their assassins share common emotional and psychological states. Overall, history is repeated, and we, new millennium people, should care about history to bring about a future that would not make the mistakes made in the past.
The assassination of Julius Caesar is one of the most well known homicides from the ancient history. Julius Caesar was born a noble man like many other leaders; for example, Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th president of the United States, was born into considerable wealth from his father’s success as a merchant and a partner in the family grass importing firm Roosevelt & Son. Just like every political leader, when Caesar was in power, around 44 BC, he encountered some obstacles including: outrageous taxes; hungry people; unemployment; and dependency on slave labor. The Roman citizens supported Caesar because he promised to solve the problems. He suggested new laws like a bill that provided land for old veterans, and the Senate ratified most of them. As an officer of the Roman Army, he reorganized the army to protect the citizens. He also augmented how they governed the provinces. “Caesar's character was a combination of genius, memory, thoroughness, culture, intellect and industry,” said Cierco in his speech 43 BC. More people supported Caesar as time passed by, because he was a “genius” with “thoughtfulness”. Other problems were facing Rome, and the citizens wanted Caesar to be crowned to be in a strong position. However, the Senate was anxious; they thought that Caesar might dictate their beloved country, Rome.
Cassius, one of the leaders in the Senate, believed that Caesar was about to turn a republican Rome into a monarchy under his own rule. By crowning him, he thought, Caesar would take over the government and act as a king or dictator. A group of sixty men including Cassius, Casca, Decius, Cinna, Metellus, Trebonius, and Marcus Brutus, Caesar’s friend, formed a conspiracy and assassinated Caesar murder Caesar on the Ides of March, explaining to the supporters of Caesar that he was great but too ambitious. "What made Caesar hated was his passion to be king," wrote Plutarch, a Roman citizen. Many historians agree that Julius Caesar did plan on “being king” and taking over the government. All historians agree that Caesar was exceedingly ambitious. Another example of ambitiousness demonstrated by a historical figure is William the Conqueror, the...