Julius Caesar

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The following question is based on the accompanying documents (1 - 6). It is designed to test your ability to examine and interpret the meaning of the documents. Then you will write a final essay which uses important information from the documents you have analyzed.

Write an introductory paragraph.
Use specific details from at least four documents in Part A. You may include any other outside information that you have learned. Finish with a concluding paragraph.

Historic Background: Ever since Julius Caesar was a child he dreamed of having great power. During his early political years he used many ways to gain power including bribery, intimidation, and manipulation. He took Romans to new heights while he made Roman long lasting dreams finally come true. He fought many battles and gained Rome many resources and land. When he finally returned to Rome he settled down as dictator for life. This angered many politicians and he was later brutally stabbed and killed.


For Part A, read each document carefully and answer the question or questions after each document. Then read the directions for Part B and write your essay.

For Part B, use your answers from Part A, information from the documents, and your knowledge of social studies to write a well organized essay. In the essay you should:

Document 1

100 B.C. Born Gaius Julius Caesar
84. Marries Cornella, daughter of Cinna
80. Travels to Asia, where he becomes involved in scandal with Nicomedew, king of Bithynia, and wins Civic Crown at the battle of Mytilene. 73. Becomes member of the board of priests

69. Serves as quaestor ( provincial administrator ) in Further Spain 67. Marries Pompeia
65. Becomes curule aedile in charge of buildings and public order 63. Wins office of pontifex maximus ( chief priest ) 62. Elected praetor (state judge)
61 Becomes governor of Further Spain
60. Forms First Triumvirate with Pompey and Crassus 59. Serves as consul
58. Begins eight-year military campaign in Gaul; defeats the Helvetii and German tribes led by Ariovistus 57. Defeats a Belgic tribe called the Nervii
56. Crushes revolt of the Veneti
55. Conducts massacre of the Usipetes and the Tencteri; crosses Rhine River; launches first expedition to Britain 54. Second expedition to Britain; daughter, Julia, dies 53. Crassus killed while invading Parthian empire

52. Caesar defeats united Gallic armies led by Vercingetorix at Alesia 49. Crosses the Rubicon River, igniting the Civil War Pompey retreats to Greece; Caesar appointed dictator Aug. 9, 48 Defeats Pompey at Pharsalus

Oct. 48 Pompey is murdered in Egypt
47. Caesar enters Alexandria; becomes involved with Cleopatra and fights successful campaign against her political opponents Aug. 47 Defeats Pharnaces II in Asia Minor
March. 17, 45 Defeats last remnants of Pompeian army at Munda Oct. 45 Returns to Rome, where he is appointed dictator for life March. 15, 44 Assassinated at the Senate house in Rome

Based on the document above name 4 political positions Julius Caesar was in. Julius Caesar was a quaestor, curule aedile, pontifex maximus and praetor. Based on the document above what year does Caesar start the Roman civil war and what year does it end? Julius Caesar starts the civil war in 49 BC and it ends in 45 BC. Document 2


Based on the document name one way Julius Caesar became a major force in politics. Julius Caesar became a major force in politics by gaining much public support in a series of lavish public games. Document 3

Based on the document what was one of the rewards Julius Caesar brought back to Rome from the Gallic wars? Julius brought back many slaves from the Gallic wars.
Document 4...
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