Judicial Department

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SUPREME COURT
JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT

CHIEF JUSTICE
14 ASSOCIATE JUSTICES

-THE POWER TO INTERPRET LAW
-THE POWER OF JUDICIAL REVIEW
-ADJUDICATORY POWERS (Sec.1, par. 2)
-Assign temporarily judges of lower courts to other stations as public interest may require -Order the change of venue or place of trial to avoid a miscarriage of justice -Appoints all officials and employees of the Judiciary in accordance with the Civil Service Law NO TERM LIMIT- but they mandated to hold office during good behavior until they reach the age of 70 or become incapacitated to discharge the duties of their office. The Supreme Court shall, within one year after the ratification of this Constitution, adopt a systematic plan to expedite the decision or resolution of cases or matters pending in the Supreme Court or the lower courts prior to the affectivity of this Constitution. A similar plan shall be adopted for all special courts and quasi-judicial bodies.

Under the present Constitution, appointments to the judiciary are made by the President of the Philippines on the basis of a list submitted by the Judicial and Bar Council (by virtue of Art. VIII, Sec. 8). The JBC is under the supervision of the Supreme Court.  Its principal function is to screen prospective appointees to any judicial post. The Judicial and Bar Council promulgated its Rules (JBC-009) on October 31, 2000. It is composed of the Chief Justice as ex-officio Chairman, the Secretary of Justice and representatives of Congress as ex-officio members, a representative of the Integrated Bar, a professor of law, a retired member of the Supreme Court and a representative of the private sector as members. - He must be a natural-born citizen of the Philippines

- He must be at least 40 years of age
-He must have for fifteen(15) years or more, been a judge of a lower court or engaged in the practice of law in the Philippines -He must be a...
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