The teachings of Judaism have been the foundations for religions such as Christianity and Islam. Judaism is the oldest known monotheistic religion that is still practiced in the world today. Judaism is an Abrahamic religion “faiths which recognize Abraham as a Patriarch” (Robinson, 2005). Abraham is known to be the founder of Judaism because of his covenant with God. Moses is also considered a founder of Judaism because of his delivery of the Ten Commandments from Mt. Sinai sometime around 2000 BC (Robinson, 2005). This paper addresses Judaism’s country of origin, historical figures, historical events, central beliefs, nature of God, sacred texts, rituals and practices, holiday’s, Judaism today, the comparison of Judaism and Christianity, and an interview with a member of the Judaism religion.
Country of Origin
Judaism was founded in Mesopotamia (Israel) around 1300 BC. Today, its main locations are in Israel, Europe, and the United States. Historical Figures
There have been quite a few historical figures of Judaism such as Abraham “the first patriarch” and King Solomon “the builder of the first temple in Jerusalem”. Adolf Hitler is one of the more rememberable historical figures of Judaism. He is the cause of the Holocaust. Because of Hitler’s actions, millions of Jews were murdered by Hitler’s Nazi party. Historical Events
There is one major historical event that many people can recall and that is the Holocaust. Adolf Hitler and his Nazi party were the promoters of the Holocaust. Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party blamed the Jews for all of Germany’s problems. They considered Jews to be unpure and not genetically ideal. Hitler claimed that Germany could not regain its health until all Jews were stripped of their positions or forced to leave Germany. Many Jews left the country, leaving everything behind. Those who stayed hoped that it would end. Acts of violence against Jews in Germany grew as Hitler gained power. Laws were passed that separated Jews from others and took their rights away from them. Jews were forced to wear yellow or white badges with the Star of David on them to single them out. Hitler assigned special groups to slaughter Jews. Jews were also transported to concentration camps in cattle cars. There they were starved, worked to death, tortured, experimented on, and/or shipped to death camps. The death camps were the “Final Solution”, the total elimination of all Jews in Europe. By its end, an estimated six million Jews had been murdered by the Nazis.
Nature of God
The Jewish people believe that God is formless. God is neither male nor female because God has no physical form. God is a unity (a single, whole, complete indivisible entity). God is in all places at all times and can do anything. God has no beginning and no end. He will always be here to fulfill his promises. Judaism maintains that we are all God’s children. Central Beliefs
Judaism consists of several central beliefs. The main belief is that there is one God. God is also believed to be the creator of the universe and the ruler of it. Next is the belief of the covenant between God and the Jewish people. They also believe that goodness and obedience will be rewarded and sin will be punished by God’s judgment after death (ORACLE’, 2007). Finally, they believe that at the end of the world, God will send the Messiah to redeem the Jews and deliver them to their Promised Land (ORACLE’, 2007). Sacred Texts
Judaism consists of three sacred texts. These include the Torah, Tanakh, and the Talmund. The Tanakh, the Hebrew Bible and known to Christians as the Old Testament, is where Jewish history begins. The first five books are of the Torah. The Tanakh includes the stories of Creation, the Garden of Eden, the Great Flood, and the Tower of Babel. The Talmund was written after the temple of Jerusalem was captured and destroyed and the people were scattered apart. The Talmund is a codified summary of...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document