Orthodox Jews believe that their practices emulate that of the first Jews and arose as other Jews attempted to update or modernize Judaism. While Hasidic Orthodox Jews follow the same Orthodox laws, traditional Orthodox Jews maintain a rationalist approach to their teachings. They believe that the Torah, or Hebrew Bible, was "divinely revealed," handed down to Moses on Mount Sinai, and teach the Talmud, a written record of interpretation and study of the Torah. The following are obligations for Orthodox Jews: Kashrut, or kosher dietary laws, Orthodox Jews may not share a table with those that do not observe Kashrut; Brit Milah, or circumcision; women worship separately from men and can not hold rabbinical positions; holy days are celebrated with fullest traditions; and men wear a Kippah, or skullcap, at all times. Intermarriage with non-Orthodox Jews or non-Jews is forbidden, and one may only be an Orthodox Jew by matrilineal descent or ritual conversion.
The Hasidic movement was founded in the eighteenth century in Eastern Europe and is a form of Orthodox Judaism. The teachings reject the Talmud. Hasidic Jews believe all actions and words should serve G-d. They are distinguishable by their manner of dress men often wear full beards, hat and dark clothing, while women wear head coverings and modest clothing. The largest difference between Orthodox and Hasidic Jews is that Hasidim teachings tend more toward mysticism, and are centered on the teaching of a particular "Rebbe," or saintly leader. Like all Judaic practices, there... [continues]
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