Juan Nakpil as Philippine National Artist
Since then, the title “National Artist of the Philippines achieved its” achieved its complexity and great honor for having a broad criteria of choosing the nominees. It has been a prestigious award which fully granted for those who greatly excel and contributed widely in the development of Philippine arts. Philippine Arts, which plays a vital role for the preservation and commercialization of our own culture, should be a product of fully Filipino style rather than an adaptation from other modern style architecture. The fruit of love between Julio Nakpil and Gregoria de Jesus, Juan Nakpil and Gregorio D Jesus, Juan Nakpil was the first national artist of the Philippines in architecture category. He was the first Filipino architect who was able to be listed in American institute of Architects. He finished his high school in Manila high school (1917) and took the course of engineer in University of the Philippines. During his times in UP, he studied free drawing, painting, decorative arts and sculpture. After two years, Juan Nakpil gone to United States and took his bachelor in Science of Civil Engineering in University of Kansas. After that, he went to Europe and took his course of architecture in Fountain Bleau School of Fine Arts which he got his diploma d’ architecture. In his comeback in the Philippines, he becomes assistant architect in Bureau of Public works. Given a prestigious award of “National Artist of the Philippines ”, there are claims that Juan Nakpil doesn’t deserve to have it. The reason might be revealed by revealing the criteria of choosing nominees for the title. 1. Living artists who have been Filipino citizens for the last ten years prior to nomination as well as those who have died after the establishment of the award in 1972 but were Filipino citizens at the time of their death; 2. Artists who have helped build a Filipino sense of nationhood through the content and form of their works; 3. Artists who have distinguished themselves by pioneering in a mode of creative expression or style, making an impact on succeeding generations of artists; 4. Artists who have created a significant body of works and/or have consistently displayed excellence in the practice of their art form, enriching artistic expression or style; and 5. Artists who enjoy broad acceptance through prestigious national and/or international recognition, awards in prestigious national and/or international events, critical acclaim and/or reviews of their works, and/or respect and esteem from peers within an artistic discipline.
According to the criteria, a national artist is an artist who has helped build a Filipino sense of nationhood through the content and form of their works. But since Juan Nakpil is a product of other country which he acquired different styles in producing his artwork, this is considered as adaptation. Secondly, Juan Nakpil didn’t distinguished himself by pioneering a mode of creative expression or style, making an impact on succeeding generations of artist since all of his made was based on what style he has learned in other culture. Being a National Artist has been a complex idea and bounded with such criteria which are based only for the settlement of standards of enriching Philippine Arts. Since it plays a vital role in preserving and cultivating our culture thru expression of visual art, it encompasses with certain standards by which nominees are carefully selected and must be proven him/herself if he/she deserves such prestigious award.
Juan Felipe Nakpil is famous of his major works: the Geronimo de los Reyes Building,Magsaysay Building, Rizal Theater, Capitol Theater, Captain Pepe Building, Manila Jockey Club, Rufino Building, Philippine Village Hotel,University of the Philippines Administration and University Library, the reconstructed Rizal house in Calamba, Laguna.He also designed the International Eucharistic Congress altar and improved...
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