ABOUT THE JOURNALISM
Good writing is a writing that could conveys information clearly, simply and precisely. In a mass media, good writing is vital as it acts as a medium for the public to gain new information and news about what is happening around them. Good writing is always related with journalism, as journalism is defined as the collection, preparation, and distribution of news and related commentary and feature materials through media such as pamphlets, newsletters, newspapers, magazines, radio, film, television, and books.(Merriam- Webster Online Dictionary, 2013) People who write stories, news or articles are usually known as a journalist. What does a journalist do? Journalist is responsible to write a good news and cannot be biased or siding any parties. They have to be fair. Journalist is a person who is known as men or women who present that information as news to the audiences of newspapers, magazines, and radio or television stations or in the Internet. Journalist sometimes may be specialized in many task, and it is depends on the organization where they work. According to The News Manual (2008), a journalist may be a reporter, who gathers information and present it in a written or spoken form in news stories, feature articles or documentaries. He or she also might be a sub-editor who will take the stories written by reporters and put them into a form which suits the special needs of their particular newspaper, magazine, bulletin or web page. Journalist also can be a photojournalist, who uses photographs to tell the news. He or she might also be an editor, who later will make final decision about what is included in the magazine, newspaper or bulletins. As for news editor or chief, they usually assign reporters to the stories selected. Feature writers, is a person who writes longer stories which usually give background to the news.The person in charge of features is usually called thefeatures editor.Producer is a person who in charge of producing current affairs and a person who in charge in of all the programs in the series is known as executive producer. Lastly, a journalist is able to be a specialist writer, which is normally they will be hired for their knowledge about certain subjects or their ability to write well It is not easy to be a good journalist with good writing skill. In order to develop the skill, the person himself has to be passionate towards journalism. He or she must study first, what is journalism and how to capture their public’s attention to read articles that they wrote. Why people become a journalist is because of their passion. Some people become a journalist is to satisfied their desire to write. By writing articles in the newspapers or magazines, they could earn money for their living, and many young novelists choose this path for their career. Some of them, they want to be known. They want people to recognize them so that they have status in the eyes of society. The desire to influence for good.Knowing the power of the printed or spoken word or image, especially in rural areas, some people enter journalism for the power it will give them to influence people. Lastly, why people choose to be a journalist is because of the desire of knowledge. People who involved in journalism, is normally a curious person. They want to get more knowledge and new information so that they can improve themselves in the future and become a better journalist. (The News Manual, 2008) In order to be a journalist, a person must obey the nine core principles of journalism, or also known as theory of journalism (Journalism Resources, 2013): i. Journalism’s first obligation is to the truth.
ii. Its first loyalty is to citizens.
iii. Its essence is a discipline of verification.
iv. Its practitioner must maintain an independence from those they cover. v. It must serve as an independent monitor of power.
vi. It must provide a forum for public criticism and compromise. vii....