Life as an African American did not start here in the United States, but on the continent of Africa. We came here from Africans to the North American colonies as a result of the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Through a combination of slave imports and births, my family and other African-Americans like me became a large minority of the American population.
We first started migration, beginning around the 17th century, it was involuntary; we were transported from West Africans to North America as enslaved peoples. A second forced migration occurred after the American Revolution, we were taken by the thousands, as my African-American brothers were transported from older eastern areas of the United States to newer settlements. The first round of my peoples was sent into the unsettled areas of the existing states of Maryland, Virginia, South Carolina and Georgia as well as into the then territories of Kentucky and Tennessee. Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana followed as plantation economics developed in those areas.
By the late 1800‘s, there were almost 4,000,000 slaves in about 15 southern states. In 1861 the Civil War had begun, partly as a result of the South’s effort to defend slavery. Although the war continued until 1865, President Lincoln emancipated slaves in southern states in 1863. Many of my emancipated brothers and sister were then sent by their masters to areas such as Texas in order to protect their investments until the end of the war. However, in January 1865, the 13th Amendment was added to the Constitution, abolishing slavery in the United States. Texas was the last state in the Nation to receive the news, on June 19th, 1865.
For the next 12 years, during a period known as Reconstruction, the nation struggled to rebuild itself. Tens of thousands of African-Americans left the South after the Civil War. This voluntary movement became known as the Great Migration. Reaching its height in 1915, due to... [continues]
Cite This Essay
(2009, 03). Journal Entry of a Subordinate Group Member. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 03, 2009, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/Journal-Entry-Of-A-Subordinate-Group-198753.html
"Journal Entry of a Subordinate Group Member" StudyMode.com. 03 2009. 03 2009 <http://www.studymode.com/essays/Journal-Entry-Of-A-Subordinate-Group-198753.html>.
"Journal Entry of a Subordinate Group Member." StudyMode.com. 03, 2009. Accessed 03, 2009. http://www.studymode.com/essays/Journal-Entry-Of-A-Subordinate-Group-198753.html.