English 11 H
February 26, 2013
Josef Mengele’s Contribution to the Medical World
In 1943, Josef Mengele became one of the head physicians at the concentration camp known as Auschwitz, becoming one of the most influential people in the medical world today. Mengele was a strong-willed man with a lot of passion and drive for what he did. In 1935, Josef graduated with a Ph.D. in physical anthropology from the University of Munich. Physical anthropology is a branch of anthropology that deals with human evolutionary biology (The American Heritage). In 1937, he became an assistant for Dr. Otmar von Verschuer. This is where Josef found his love and obsession for twins (United States Holocaust). Mengele contributed to science in many ways through his controversial experiments. Some of his most important contributions would be his studies within the realm of eugenics and his interest in twins’ anatomical relationships. Mengele would also inject diseases into some of his patients and document the effects. Mengele was also referred to as the “Father of Abortion” due to his experiments on pregnant women. Mengele began working at Auschwitz in 1943. During his first years at the concentration camp, Mengele was not the only physician at Auschwitz. He also was not the highest ranking physician at the camp. The status of highest ranking physician at Auschwitz belonged to SS captain Dr. Eduard Wirths (United States Holocaust). Mengele became the physician responsible for Birkenau's Gypsy Camp. Once Mengele worked at the Gypsy Camp for many weeks, he then undertook a new position as Chief Camp Physician of Auschwitz II, yet still under the supervision of Dr. Wirths. Dr. Wirths was responsible for all medical experiments and medical matter at the camp. Mengele was very much under Wirths’ supervision. He was only able to perform these experiments under Wirths himself. Mengele and Wirths thought very much alike. This is why Wirths gave him such...