TILAMSIK NG LIWANAG
ni Esperanza Gatbonton
National Commission for Culture and the Arts
TILAMSIK NG LIWANAG
© 00 National Commission for Culture and the Arts First Edition, 00 First Printing, 006 Published by the National Commission for Culture and the Arts Text: Esperanza Gatbonton Filipino Translation: Andres Cristobal Cruz Editing: Arnaldo Moss Jr. Design: Ryan C. Arengo Managing Editor: Glenn Maboloc Consultants: Jaime Laya and Dr. Jesus Peralta The text is based on the author’s interviews with Dr. Milagros Guerrero, Dr Ricardo Jose, Prof. Auria Roxas-Lim, Dr. Bienvenido Lumbera, and Ramon Villegas All rights reserved. No part of this book may be produced or transmitted in any form or by means of electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without the written permission of the publisher, except where permitted by law. The National Library of the Philippines CIP Data Recommended entry: ISBN
National Commission for Culture and the Arts 6 General Luna Street, Intramuros, 00 Manila Tel.: 57-9 to 98 Fax: 57-9 and 9 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.ncca.gov.ph The National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA) is the overall coordinating and policymaking government body that systematizes and streamlines national efforts in promoting culture and the arts. The NCCA promotes cultural and artistic development; conserves and promotes the nation’s historical and cultural heritage; ensures widest dissemination of artistic and cultural products among the greatest number acrossthecou ntry;preserves and integrates traditional culture and its various creative expressions as a dynamic part of the national culture mainstream; and ensures that standards of excellence are pursued in its programs and activities. The NCCA administer the National Endowment Fund for Culture and the Arts.
“…hay que herir la piedra para que salte la luz!”
Jose Rizal El Filibusterismo
“…the stone must be struck to raise a spark!”
Isinalin sa Ingles ni Leon Ma. Guerero
“…kailangang tipakin ang bato upang tumilamsik ang liwanag!” Isinalin sa Pilipino nila Antolina T. Antonio at Patricia Melendrez-Cruz
Tilamsík ng Liwanag ay hango sa El Filibusterismo ni Dr. Jose Rizal. Mga salitang binitiwan ni Padre Florentino sa alaherong si Simoun. “… kailangang tipakin ang bato upang tumilamsík ang liwanag!” Ginamit na pamagat sa pagtatanghal na ito ng kasaysayan ng Rebolusyong naganap noong 896 at ng iba pang mga karanasan ng pagsakop at kalupitan sa mga Pilipino upang maipakita ang kahalagahan ng mga napagdaanang kahirapan, makamtan lamang ang kalayaan at kasarinlan. Bawa’t yugto’y tila mga batong natipak, nagniningning, kumislap sa tama ng araw—mga tilamsík ng liwanag na nagbibigay linaw at unawa sa nakaraan.
PANAHON NA! MABUHAY ANG KALAYAAN!
TILAMSIK NG LIWANAG
A Pictorial Exposition of 00 Years of Philippine Independence “PANAHÓN NA. MABUHAY ANG KALAYAAN!”
he series of events that climaxed in the Revolution of 896 created a selfconscious nation out of the collection of indios, mestizos and creoles that inhabited the colony of Filipinas.
Over these hundred years since then, each succeeding period in our country’s history has brought forth new challenges and new problems. Yet every challenge, every trial served only to sharpen the people’s hunger for freedom. Our soldiers fought dubious battles in the battlefields now unknown. Our writers and painters used their art to wage their own guerilla wars against the foreign conqueror; ordinary people in their thousands stood unarmed against the foreign conqueror; ordinary people in their thousands stood unarmed against a strongman’s tanks to reclaim their civil rights; youths waved the flag to rally the people to win the future. These are the images and memories this exhibit celebrates. Its purpose is to evoke the past that illuminates the future. Its hope is that...
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