Jose Rizal

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  • Topic: Laguna, Philippines, José Rizal
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  • Published : January 16, 2013
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1. Brief Summary of Chapter 1.

ADVENT OF A NATIONAL HERO
Jose Rizal born on June 19, 1861. It was Franciso Mercado Rizal was born on May 11, 1818 in Binan Laguna. He was a graduate of the College of San Jose Manila, studying Latin and Philosophy. Francisco moved to Calamba to become a tenant-farmer of a hacienda owned by the Dominicans. He dided at the age of 80 on January 5, 1898 in Manila. About his father, Jose Rizal says that he is a “model of fathers”. Teodora Alonso Realonda was born on November 8, 1926 in Manila. She was a graduate the College of Santa Rosa. She died at age of 85 on August 16, 1911 in Manila. About his mother, Jose Rizal says “ My mother is a woman of more than ordinaryt culture; she knows literature and speaks Spanish better than I. She corrected my poems and gave me gppd advice when i was studying rhetoric. She is a mathematician and has read many books. Rizal is the sevent of eleven children: Saturnina, Paciano, Narcisa, Olimpia, Lucia, Maria, Jose, Concepcion, Josefa, Trinidad and Soledad. Rizal’s family was a mixture of races. They were a combination of Negrito, Malay, Indonesian, Japanese, Chinese. And Spanish, though Jose was predominantly Malayan. The surname Mercado was the original surname of the Rizal family. Domingo Lamco, Jose’s great-great grandfather, adopted the name Rizal in 1731 and it became a second surname of the family. In Jose’s letter to Ferdinand Blumentritt, he says: “ i am the only Rizal in because at home mt\y parents, my sisters my brother, and my relatives have always preferred our old surname Mercado. Our family name was in fact Mercado, but there were many Mercados in the Philippines who are not related to us. It is said that an alcalde mayor, who was a friend of our family added Rizal to our name. My family did not pay much attention to this, but now i have to use it. In this way, it seems that i am an illegitimate son .”

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