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Joint Mobilization

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Joint Mobilization
Glenohumeral Joint
-Convex head of humerus on a proximal concave glenoid fossa of scapula. A. Loose-packed position: 55 degs abduction, 30 degs horizontal adduction B. Close-packed position: Full abduction and external rotation C. Capsular pattern: External rotation, abduction, internal rotation D. Glides:• Inferior glide to increase abduction• Anterior glide to improve extension and external rotation • Posterior glide to improve flexion and internal rotation Acromioclavicular Joint

-Concave clavicle on convex acromion process.
A. Loose-packed position: Arm resting at side
B. Close-packed position: 90 degs of shoulder abduction
C. Capsular pattern: Maximal elevation• Anterior glide to improve overall joint mobility Sternoclavicular Joint
-Convex clavicle on concave sternum superior and inferiorly; Concave clavicle on a convex sternum anterior and posteriorly. A. Loose-packed position: Arm resting at side
B. Close-packed position: Shoulder maximally elevated
C. Capsular pattern: Maximal elevation• Superior glide to increase depression• Inferior glide to increase elevation• Anterior glide to increase protraction• Posterior glide to increase retraction Scapulothoracic Joint

-Not a true joint but permits scapular motions of retraction, protraction, elevation, depression, tipping, and winging.• Postion patient in side-lying and perform scapular movements to increase scapular mobility.

Humeroulnar Joint
-Concave olecranon fossa of humerus on a convex humerus.
A. Loose-packed position: 70 degs elbow flexion, 10 degs supination B. Close-packed position: Full elbow extension and supination C. Capsular pattern: Elbow flexion then extension• Distal glide to increase elbow flexion Humeroradial Joint

-Concave radial head on a convex humerus
A. Loose-packed position: Full elbow extension and...

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