From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other people named John Alexander Macdonald, see John Alexander Macdonald (disambiguation).
The Right HonourableSir John A. MacdonaldGCB KCMG PC PC (Can) QC| | | |
Sir John A. Macdonald shortly after his win in the 1878 election.| | 1st Prime Minister of Canada| |
In office17 October 1878 – 6 June 1891| |
Governor General| Earl of DufferinMarquess of LorneMarquess of LansdowneLord Stanley of Preston| Preceded by| Alexander Mackenzie|
Succeeded by| John Abbott|
In office1 July 1867 – 5 November 1873| |
Governor General| Viscount MonckBaron LisgarEarl of Dufferin| Preceded by| Position Established|
Succeeded by| Alexander Mackenzie|
Personal details| |
Born| John Alexander Macdonald11 January 1815Glasgow, Scotland| Died| 6 June 1891 (aged 76)Ottawa, Ontario|
Political party| Liberal-Conservative (evolved into Conservative Party)| Spouse(s)| Isabella Clark (1843–1857, died)Agnes Bernard (1867–1891, survived as widow)| Children| John Alexander (died in infancy) and Hugh John by Isabella;Mary by Agnes.| Alma mater| none (articled with a lawyer in Kingston)|
Religion| Presbyterian; later Anglican|
Nickname(s)| Sir John A., The Old Chieftain, Old Tomorrow| Sir John Alexander Macdonald, GCB, KCMG, PC, PC (Can), QC (11 January 1815 – 6 June 1891), was the first Prime Minister of Canada. The dominant figure of Canadian Confederation, he had a political career which spanned almost half a century. Macdonald served 19 years as Canadian Prime Minister; only William Lyon Mackenzie King served longer. Macdonald was born in Scotland; when he was a boy his family emigrated to Kingston, Upper Canada (today in eastern Ontario). He articled with a local lawyer, who died before Macdonald qualified, and Macdonald opened his own...