John Paul Jones

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 482
  • Published : October 21, 2010
Open Document
Text Preview
Captain John Paul Jones | |
| | |Birth |07/06/1747 in Kirkcudbright, Scotland | |Died |07/18/1792 in Paris, France | |Ancestry |Father: John Paul Jones (1/27/1700 - 10/24/1767) | | |Mother: Jeannie MacDuff | | |Spouse: None | | |Children: | | |None | |Biography | |Early Life | |[pic]John Paul (afterwards known as John Paul Jones) was born at Arbigland, in the Parish of Kirkbean, and in the stewartry of | |Kirkcudbright, Scotland, on 6 July 1747. Born John Paul, his father of the same name was a gardener; his mother's name was Jean | |MacDuff, the daughter of a small farmer in the neighboring parish of New-Abbey. Of this marriage there were seven children. John | |was the fourth child. The first-born was William Paul, who went abroad early in life and settled and married in Fredericksburg, | |Virginia. Of the three daughters, only two will be noted; Janet, who married William Taylor, had one child, a daughter, Miss | |Janette Taylor, who so far as can be learned never married; and Mary Ann, who was twice married, first to a Mr. Young, and | |afterwards to Mr. John Louden (also written Lowden). The Lowdens moved to Charleston, South Carolina, some time after 14 January | |1794, and the line continued there for at least three generations. | |To Sea!! | |Henceforth John Paul will be referred to as John Paul Jones. He finished his schooling at twelve, and, determined to follow the | |sea, his relations bound him apprentice to a local ship owner. At the age of thirteen he made his first trip in the Friendship | |(1761) to Fredericksburg, Virginia; a second voyage there was made in 1762, each time visiting his brother William in whose home | |he read books and studied navigation; (a part of this house still stands). He next may have served for a short period as an | |acting midshipman in the British Navy [see Morison, pp. 418-419 for refutation of this]. It is known he served as third mate in | |the slaver King George of Whitehaven (near Kirkcudbright) and in another slaver Two Friends (1766) as chief mate. Disgusted with | |this inhuman traffic he left this ship in the West Indies and for a time joined a travelling theatrical troupe [Bradford and | |Morison make no mention of this] in the islands, returning home in 1768 in the brigantine John of Kirkcudbright. Enroute the | |captain and chief mate died of fever; Jones therefore took the command and brought her safely home. The owners gratefully gave | |him command and made him supercargo, when he was still only twenty-one. | |Then followed two voyages to the West Indies and these owners decided to go out of business. Jones next obtained command of the | |Betsy...
tracking img