John Mauchly and John Presper Eckert are the founding fathers of computers. They were both involved in science and wondered if there was a faster way to calculate equations along with other things to make their lives easier. Thus, they came up with the first computer called the ENIAC. This paper will give background history of both inventors about their personal lives as well as their educational background, the many different computers they made, their company, and the downfall of it all. John Mauchly was born in Cincinnati, Ohio to Sebastian Jacob and Rachel Elizabeth Mauchly. Sebastian was a physicist who taught at high school and college levels. He did most of his research on earth currents and electricity. He was offered a job at Carnegie Institute of Washington so the family had to move. Mauchly was always interested in science and wanted to pursue a career in engineering from a young age. In 1925, Mauchly was offered a scholarship to study engineering at Johns Hopkins University's School of Engineering. He soon grew bored with the subject, and transferred to the physics department. In 1932, He earned his PhD in physics. While still a student, he married Mary Augusta Walzl on December 30, 1930. They had two sons, James and Sidney. After graduation, Mauchly stayed at Johns Hopkins as a research assistant for a year. Some of his work there focused on calculating energy levels. Since the calculations took a long time to accomplish manually, Mauchly began thinking about the possibilities of automating functions.
In 1933, Mauchly was hired to head the physics department at Ursinus College in Collegeville, Pennsylvania where he was the only staff member in his department. Because of this situation, Mauchly had many teaching responsibilities that could have severely limited his ability to conduct original research. However, Mauchly was able to find the time for both. Mauchly's research focused on meteorology, which had come to require complex calculations in...
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