In England, Wales and Northern Ireland, every state school has a Governing Body, consisting of specified numbers of various categories of governors depending on the type and size of school. All governors are unpaid for their work Generally the following categories are applicable:
* Parent Governors: parents (ideally of children at the school). Parents of children at the school can elect parent governors. * Staff Governors: members of the school staff. Staff governors (other than the head teacher) are elected by the school staff and must be paid to work at the school. * Authority Governors (previously known as LEA Governors): nominated by the Local Authority. * Community Governors: members of the local community (appointed by the rest of the governing body) * Foundation, Partnership and Sponsor Governors: representatives of any sponsoring bodies. * Clerk: A Clerk to the Governing Body supports the governors in their work. In many schools this role is combined with that of Bursar or Administrative Officer. * Chair: The Chair, elected by the Governing Body from within its membership, though anyone who works at the school cannot stand for the office; leads The Governing Body. Responsibilities
The Headteacher of the school is responsible for day-to-day management of the school. The role of the Governing Body is to provide strategic management, and to act as a "critical friend", supporting the work of the headteacher and other staff. Governors must appoint the Headteacher, and may be involved in the appointment of other staff. Governors also have a role in monitoring the school's progress, and in setting annual targets for the school's performance and for the Headteacher (and ensuring that the Headteacher sets targets for other staff). Governors must review school exclusions in certain circumstances, and have the power to reinstate an excluded pupil or reduce the term of the exclusion (although not to increase it).
Most Governing Bodies use a committee structure to undertake their monitoring and evaluation roles. Membership and terms of reference of committees must be determined annually. Finance, Staffing, Admissions, Health and Safety, Curriculum and Premises Committees are very common. Other areas covered by committees may include marketing, discipline and management. Many Governing Bodies form working groups to tackle specific problems. Since September 2003, particular committees can be given delegated powers to make decisions about the school that do not then require any approval by the Full Governing Body.
Independent schools: Independent schools and public schools in particular, generally have governing bodies, although by their very nature, such schools usually decide on their own requirements for their composition. Head Teacher
Effective school leadership is increasingly about partnership working. The Headteacher sets the tone for this by developing partnerships inside and outside of the school with key groups such as governors, parents, the local authority and other agencies. Working closely with governors and senior colleagues, it is the Head’s job to create a shared vision and strategic plan for the school. They lead the senior team in turning that vision and plan into ambitious but achievable objectives that ensure the school delivers continuous improvement in teaching and learning. Within the school Heads promote and encourage co-operation and collaboration among all staff. They have the emotional intelligence to understand other people’s motivations and stresses and can use their influencing skills to ensure these don’t become a barrier to sharing good practice and raising pupil achievement. Deputy Head
A Deputy Head works under direction of the Head and is usually responsible for managing the SLT team. Depending on the size and structure of the school a deputy head teacher is usually...