Organizations face massive challenges in attracting and retaining a high-quality and productive workforce. Companies are continually looking for new ways to keep their employees satisfied at all levels in order to harness greater productivity and ideas from people while keeping them motivated and happy. One real challenge examined earlier is the need to transform General Motors to be a much more productive and fully utilized organization by examining the hourly workforce. This is a great change from the traditional "us versus them" mentality of the past between management and the union.
Intrinsic and extrinsic types of motivation have been widely studied and the understanding of each has led to great changes in how organizations run their businesses. It is clear that hourly employees have many great extrinsic motivators but lack intrinsic motivation in their job assignments which is a characteristic of our work culture. Changing the culture is one of the keys to improving motivation at that level of the organization because the best motivation occurs when employees perform because they want to and not because they are being made to do so. Basics of Motivation for Supervisors
There are many kinds of motivation techniques that one can use when motivating salary and to a lesser extent hourly employees. Factors such as strong communication, added responsibility, achievement, recognition and advancement are all factors that can motivate employees. Due to the union environment it is difficult to motivate hourly employees but what always works well is providing recognition. Sometimes that is done by just thanking employees for doing an outstanding job or giving them gift certificates to a store or restaurant for a job well done. Just spending time with each employee occasionally, keeping in mind the things that go on in their lives and listening to them goes a very long way towards keeping hourly workers motivated. Over the years I have sat down with many employees and listened to their issues at home with their families and sometimes major issues they are having with their children. This time has often led to employees being more dedicated to my objectives as well as the organization's objectives. General Motors GMS
Recently we have recognized the need to utilize our hourly workforce more effectively which works to address the need to intrinsically motivate the hourly workforce. This has been achieved just recently by negotiating some ground-breaking agreements with the union that will change the way we do business. These all help managers find new ways to motivate staff and promote a new atmosphere amongst our hourly employees.
GM has been working on hard to utilize the entire organization with the implementation of the Global Manufacturing System (GMS). This is a rulebook on how every part of the organization is to conduct business. If a unit of the organization is not compliant to a minimum level of 90% it is possible that the unit will be closed and future product allocation will definitely be in jeopardy.
The Global Manufacturing System includes five principles but the one that is having the greatest affect towards transforming the organization is the Principle of People Involvement. People involvement outlines many different areas such as vision, values and health and safety priorities but the most critical area for changing the core of the business is in the team concept and the selection of a team leader. GMS calls for the development of self sustaining teams of five to eight hourly employees led by an hourly team leader. The difficulty for many years was to get the union buy into this concept and finally the union leaders have accepted the need to change and they have allowed the implementation of this team system.
The team is responsible for supporting the organization's Ideas for Excellence program by submitting ideas and implementing them wherever...