February 28, 2011
Nursing Job Analysis
A job analysis is a process used to determine and identify the details of a specific job requirement or duties and the significance of these duties for the given job (Spector, 2008). In a job analysis there are also judgments about the data collected on-the-job (Fine & Crinshaw, 1999). It is also important to remember that a job analysis is conducted for the job position and not the person. The data collected for a job analysis comes from current questionnaires or interviews, the specification and description of the job (Spector, 2008). The main purpose of a job analysis is to document and establish the job relatedness of employment procedures such as interviewing, selection, training, compensation, and performance appraisals (Fine & Crinshaw, 1999). In this paper a job analysis will be performed on the position of a registered nurse. It will evaluate different performance appraisal methods, explain a variety of benefit and vulnerability of performance appraisals, and also evaluate the reliability and validity of a job analysis. To become a registered nurse there are some requirements. The student needs t o be a high school graduate or GED equivalent. This would be considered the proper basic training along with the pre-requisites required from the college. Then once these are completed the student can apply for the nursing program in your college and obtain the advanced education, skills, and knowledge needed for this job. Once the program is complete, you go to the state board and take the nursing examination NCLEX to obtain the nursing license. It is best if the student was to become familiarized with the hospital setting early on, as it provides exposure to the working environment he/she will be working in. As a nurse you need to maintain a positive attitude at all times, be a good listener, a knowledgeable skilled professional, a good leader, and a good manager. Other job requirements needed are excellent people skills, because there will be people from all ages and ethnic backgrounds and must have the ability to put people at ease, be sympathetic with the problems, illness, fears, and gain the confidence so proper treatments could be given. Be a good listener, a good observer, and a good communicator for patient’s care, terms of care, and any changes in patient’s conditions or treatments. Also the nurse must have the ability to work in a team, because the nurse will work with pharmacists, anesthetics, dieticians, physiotherapists, doctors, and many more. Registered nurses provide one-to-one care to patients and practice a different variety of venues and settings, depending on their specialization and nature of their work (America Nurses Association). The main focus and goals of a registered nurse is patient care treatments as well as emotional maintenance and health education. A registered nurse can initially perform diagnostic tests, evaluations, triage, and ask the patience of his/her symptoms so the doctor could easily diagnose and treat the patient (America Nurses Association). Registered nurses are also able to perform extended care, sophisticated diagnostic testing, and perform several follow-ups. They also educate the patients, the patient’s family and friends on how he or she can help the patients improve discomfort and provide a speedy recovery (America Nurses Association). Most registered nurses begin their journey as staff nurses in nursing homes, hospitals, and with experience they advance to other settings or promotional positions that hold more responsibility (America Nurses Association). Nurses can hold a management positions, can be the head nurse, house supervisor or even hold higher positions such as director, assistant director, vice president or even be the chief of nursing or chief of staff (America Nurses Association). All administrative positions a registered nurse can hold requires communication skills, leadership,...