Topics: Christianity, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jesus Pages: 5 (1766 words) Published: December 5, 2012
Jehovah’s Witnesses is a Christian-based religious movement with nontrinitarian beliefs that can is distinctive from mainstream Christianity. The members of this movement are most popular known for spreading awareness from door-to-door, distributing evangelical literature and converting non-members to what they perceive as the truth. They perceive themselves as a universal brotherhood that believes the objective of their movement is to restore first century Christianity. The witnesses endure their lives and support their beliefs based on the early Christian Church as well as the contents of the Bible. Like many of the mainstream Christians, the witnesses rely on the words of the Bible, worship one God and trust in Jesus’ resurrection for salvation; on the contrary, some of the beliefs of Jehovah’s witnesses contradict from mainstream Christianity, mainly with the rejection of the doctrine of the Trinity and as well as Hell’s existence. There are currently about 7 million active witnesses in the world; the movement has spread to approximately 235 countries as of 2007. Witnesses believe that Jehovah is the sole true God, the inventor of all existence in the world, and the “Universal Sovereign”.

Charles Taze Russell formed an independent group in 1872 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania to study the Bible[1]. Russell denied the concept of eternal punishment, the Trinity, the Holy Spirit and the deity of Christ. He taught his followers that hell did not exist. In 1879, Pastor Russell launched the magazines Zion’s Watch Tower and Herald of Christ’s Presence. The purpose of the publication was to draw attention to God’s kingdom, which Jehovah’s Witnesses perceived to be the real government that will soon overrule earthly governments. In 1890, Poems and Hymns of the Millennial Dawn was published, which featured more than 300 hymns and poems. By 1909 the movement and works had become international, resulting in the movement of the headquarters to its current location in Brooklyn, New York. Russell had stated that Jesus would appear in 1914; when Jesus did not seem to appear on Earth, he modified his teaching and claimed that Jesus was invisible when he was on Earth. Russell died in 1916 and as a result, the movement was taken over by Joseph Franklin Rutherford. Around the time of the First World War, Witnesses in Britain, the United States and Canada refused being enlisted into the military forces. As a result, Rutherford and his colleagues were sentence to twenty years in prison. These convictions were eventually overturned within the next year. In 1920, the movement began to focus more on missionary work and members who intended to keep their status must attempt to convert non-members[2]. By 1931, the movement adopted a new title that is the current name of the group, Jehovah’s Witnesses. Nathan Knorr takes over as President in 1942. The movement expanded rapidly during his leadership. Knorr had strengthened the education of Witnesses through the opening of the Theocratic Ministry School and introducing a number of textbooks and education material to assist members in their door-to-door awareness. But the number of witnesses declined in 1975, when it was believed that the end of the current system of things would occur. Today, Jehovah’s witnesses continue to spread awareness by distributing their publication as well as going from door-to-door to convert non-believers.

Jehovah’s witnesses believe that the Bible is historically accurate. The Bible is perceived to be God’s way of communicating his will to humans; as a result, Jehovah’s witnesses interpret the Bible literally. As strict followers of the Bible, they believe that any idea or teaching that does not agree with the Bible is regarded as incorrect. The Witnesses translated their own version of the Bible, known as the New World translation of the Holy Scriptures. The New Testament is known as the Christian Greek Scriptures. The Old Testament is known as the Hebrew Scriptures....
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