Jeffersonian Democracy Dbq

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Political parties, the exact things that our founding fathers feared would divide and destroy our nation, were starting in America. After the Constitution was written and America began to flourish many Americans struggled with, and disagreed about how the Constitution should be interpreted. Some believed that the Constitution was only a guide line and that it was open to loose interpretation, others believed that the constitution was the exact law of the land. These individuals were known as strict constructionist. From these differences in opinions, two factions were born, the Federalists and the Republicans. Although both parties were very dedicated to their beliefs, their tunes often changed when in office and holding power. The Federalist Party who was led by Alexander Hamilton, the Secretary of Treasury under George Washington, believed in a loose interpretation of the Constitution and a strong sense of federal government. This party was feared by Americans because it was viewed as trying to start a monarchy in America. Federalists put little emphasis on involving ordinary people in government. Northern merchants and commercially oriented farmers were usually Federalists because they were fully aware of the uncertainties of international trade. Hamilton, greatly aware of the financial issues the United States was facing, proposed that they build a bank modeled after the one in England. The idea was approved by George Washington and given a twenty year charter in 1791. Under the threat of the French war, Congress of 1798 passed four new laws in order to strengthen the Federal government. Signed into law by President John Adams, they were composed of the Naturalization Act, the Alien Friends Act, the Alien Enemies Act and the Sedition Act. The Naturalization Act extended the duration of residence required for aliens to become citizens from five years to fourteen years. The Alien Friends Act authorized the president to deport any resident alien considered to...
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