Jean Watson Caring Theory and Assessment Tools

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Assessment Tools Analysis
Doreen M. Giglio
University of Phoenix
Professor Carol Dallred

Jean Watson’s theory of human caring focused on establishing a caring relationship with patients. She believed in treating them as holistic (mind, body and spirit) being (Watson, 1979). To further secure our understanding and relationship with our patients we can use our assessment tool analysis to better know them. Daily Hassles Scale, dysfunctional attitude scale and social support are the assessments that I have chosen to look deeper at the depressed population and community function. These tools should take me deeper on how this population might have gotten to where they are and why they are a vulnerable population. The first tool is the Daily Hassles Scale. This tool is designed to measure the daily hassles of employees such as customer service representatives and anyone working in a high stressed job. In this particular case, this tool identifies daily hassles and the rate of burnout that call center employees undergo (Visser, 2009). The tool evaluates factors such as work overload, pressure, demands from management, repetitive nature of the work, and lack of supervisor and co-worker support (Visser, 2009). The Daily Hassles Scale also measures daily hassles on a personal level (Visser, 2009). People who participated in this study were given time off during their work day to complete questionnaires in order to ensure a good response (Visser, 2009). The scale is inexpensive ($40.00) and requires little time to complete. This tool could enhance the assessment phase of the nursing process by providing the nurse with the major stress factors of their patients early on in their care. According to Watson’s Theory of Human Caring, it is imperative and beneficial to the patients health outcome that the patient and nurse bond. A hospital could create a Watson Room where nurses and patients can go to relieve stress and meditate with aromatherapy, sounds of nature, soft lighting, vision books, crystals, a massage chair and foot massager. The Watson Room would support the nurse’s role according to the Theory of Human Caring by establishing a caring environment where patients are accepted and treated holistically (body, mind and spirit), spend “caring moments” (Watson, 1979, p. 23), and promote health through knowledge and intervention (Watson, 1979). Statistically, the Daily Hassles Scale indicate that the scale has significant homogeneity and a useful degree of stability. Several studies investigating the concurrent and construct validities suggest that the scale measures the construct commonly referred to as stress (Brantley, et al, 1985). Using the Dysfunctional Attitude Scale we can measure how a depressed person sees himself/herself, the future and the outside world. The scale measure and indicate your emotional weakness and where psychological strengths lie. The questionnaire includes 40 multiple-choice statements/attitudes that we sometimes hold. Then for every statement the person needs to decided how much they agree with the statement, ranging from one (totally agree) to seven (totally disagree). After giving your score in every statement, it will be tallied/added to see where you place on the scale. According to () The scale goes as follows, 79 and below (very low level of dysfunctional attitude), 80-112 (low level of dysfunctional attitude),113-142 (medium level of dysfunctional attitude), 143-169 (high level of dysfunctional attitudes), 170 and above (very high level of dysfunctional attitudes). It is widely used by health care professionals and researchers in a variety of settings. The scale takes 20 minutes to complete and can be self-administered or verbally administered by a trained individual. It exists in Spanish, English and Norwegian and costs $115.50 . This scale is more suitable to a depressed person due to negative life events. This...
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