Cognitive Development in children aged between 3-5 years
Jean Piaget was a well-known psychologist that believed childhood children between the ages of 2 and 12 would progress through two stages of cognitive development: the preoperational stage and the concrete operational stage. Before they reached those stages they must undergo the sensorimotor stage, this is the stage where according to Piaget, infants progress through the first stage of cognitive development: the sensorimotor stage. Infants begin to communicate using language skills which they develop over this period of time and they form unique bonds with their caregivers. During this stage they develop self-awareness and begin to interact with a wider social group they also develop object permanence which is an understanding that objects continue to exist when they are out of sight. After the sensorimotor stage comes the preoperational stage which occurs in Piaget’s second stage of cognitive development for children in the age range 2 to 7 years. The preoperational stage is when stable concepts and mental reasoning come about. Mental reasoning, at this age however is not well developed; children develop a sense of egocentrism at this stage. Egocentrism is centred on one’s own needs, and not thinking about other people’s views. In the second part of Piaget’s theory he believed that children went through the concrete operational stage during this period children would be expected to learn to do things mentally, that previously they had to physically complete. They use superior logic that they never had to discover things and do things they never could. For example, a child in the concrete operational stage will understand through conservation that one cup of water poured into a short, fat glass and then poured into a long skinny glass is the same amount of water (conservation of volume). However a child in the preoperational stage will not understand this. The aim is to test children between the ages of...
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