Jean-Paul Marat

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 127
  • Published : October 29, 2012
Open Document
Text Preview
Jean-Paul Marat was born on 24 May 1743; he studied medicine, wrote articles, experimented with science, and was a French Revolutionist. His love for science came to a sudden halt, when he was not elected to the Academy of Science. Marat was infuriated; some historians believe his failure to be elected led to the development of a martyr complex and the start of his negative connotations toward the people in power.

During the revolution he became an influential voice through the French Newspaper, L'Ami du Peuple (Friend of the people), and used it to attack the aristocrats. France was still governed by the nobility and the clergy who received benefits, while the working class was taxed heavily. Marat had many suspicions about the people in power such as the Commun in Paris, the National Guard, and the king. He portrayed his bitter and skeptical feelings toward these groups for public viewing.

Marat’s explosive writing was cruel and violent, but turned out to be accurate. His writing caused him to be arrested on several occasions and go into hiding. Marat still continued to publish his theories about the aristocrats on irregular intervals. There was no direct evidence that his writing led to the mob in October 1789, or the uprising on 10 August 1792 that overthrew the monarchy, or the massacres that followed. It was clear that the incentives in his articles were a factor, which led to these uprisings.

Eventually, in September 1792, Marat held a political position in the National Convention. There was a struggle between the Gironde and the Jacobin, Marat was elected leader of the Jacobin’s, and, “In April the Girondins had him arraigned before the Revolutionary tribunal,”(Vidalenc 1). Marat was found innocent and released from the court, which lead to the peak of his career and the fall of the Girondin’s power.

Incidentally, on the Eve of Bastille Day, Charlotte Corday, a Girondin supporter, assassinated Marat, “… and stabbed to death the incarnation of...
tracking img