Fact file on a Natural Hazard.
Natural Hazard:MEDC / LEDC
| Earthquake, Haiti
Location (include a map)
When did it happen?
| The earthquake occurred at 16:53 local time (21:53 UTC) on Tuesday, 12 January 2010.
| Why? – which plates wereInvolved?
| On a global tectonic scale, movement of the Caribbean and the North American plates were responsible for the Haitian earthquake.
However on a subregional tectonic scale, there is a smaller plate that separates the Caribbean and the North American plates known as the Gonave micro-plate on which Haiti is partly situated (on the eastern end).
| Magnitude 7.0
| earthquake, with an epicenter near the town of Léogâne (Ouest Department), approximately 25 km (16 miles) west of Port-au-Prince
| Primary(direct)(see page 109 – 110) (OCR text book)
| 316,000 people were killed and 1 million people were made homeless. 3 million people were affected by the earthquake
| Hospitals (50+) and schools (1,300+) were badly damaged, as was the airport’s control tower
| 250,000 homes and 30,000 other buildings, including the President’s Palace and 60% of government buildings, were either destroyed or badly damaged
| 1 in 5 people lost their jobs because so many buildings were destroyed. Haiti’s largest industry, clothing was one of the worst affected
| Positive / negative? Short term / long term?
How did they respond to this ‘NH?’ How do we ‘manage’ this NH? In the short term?(relief)
| · Buildings being destroyed, roads and docks. Making it difficult to get aid to the people who need it. Example food, clean drinking water, clothes, cooking utensils, temporally shelters and most importantly drugs and medicines. · Without clean drinking water and dead bodies rotting in the hot sun the risk of life threatening diseases is expected.
| In the long...
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